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Idols by Material

Idols by Material A wide range of materials are used for making idols. Some of the common materials include :

Stone Idols

Stone Idols A wide variety of stone is used for making idols of Hindu gods and goddesses. Stone idols are worshipped in houses and temples to improve the aura and to invoke the supernatural powers to bless the natives. Stone idols are washed with Ganga Jal and abhishek is performed on them, which transforms a piece of rock into a symbol of God himself.

Soapstone is mainly used for shaping and carving idols. There are many villages in Bastar district of Madhya Pradesh, which are known for carving stone idols and scluptures. The idols are polished with polishing stones also known as battas by women and children of the village. The soft marble rocks surrounding Bhedagat near Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh are also used as an ideal raw material for carving

Basically five types of stones are used for making idols. Among these, Rajouri is the most durable stone. The stone most suitable for making idols is Dingi. A pink and white stone called Sudapaal, found in Bastar is pretty soft and is easily carved into idols.

There are two types of idols carved using stone. One is the tatiya saaj, which has two dimensional relied work and the other is Akshang, which has three-dimensional relief work on idols.

Various types of idol made using stone includes :
  • Lord Shiva
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Vishnu
  • Lord Kuber
  • Lord Krishna
  • Lord Hanuman
  • Lord Rama
  • Goddess Durga
  • Goddess Lakhsmi
  • Goddess Saraswati

Wood Idols

Wood Idols Wood is extensively used for crafting beautiful idols of Hindu gods and goddesses. Though wooden idols are rarely used for worshipping in temples and at home, they are mainly used as decorative pieces in houses, and offices. They are also ideal for gift items. Wooden idols are kept as divine desktop items at home and in offices to bring good luck and prosperity.

There are two varieties of wood commonly used for carving idols including :

Sandal wood : Sandal wood, also known as Chandan in Hindi, is much more than a piece of timber in India. It is a scented tree and is believed to be a divine gift that is revered as a sacred object. Sandal wood is quite often used for crafting sacred idols and prayer beads in India.

Rose wood : It is yet another variety of wood used for carving idols of Hindu gods and goddesses. Rose wood idols reflect elegance, beauty and uniqueness in craftsmanship. These idols are garnished with different types of intricate work and art. Rose wood adds a spiritual value to the idols.

Wooden idols depict the artistic excellence of Indian artists. These idols are adorned with excellent carving works and finish. Various color patterns are also used for decorating wooden idols.

Various idols of Hindu gods and goddesses made using wood are :
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Krishna
  • Lord Shiva
  • Goddess Lakhsmi
  • Goddess Durga
  • Goddess Saraswati

Ashtadhatu Idols

Ashtadhatu Idols Ashtadhatu is a very sacred and sattvic (pure) alloy of eight metals namely, gold, silver, copper, zinc, lead, tin, iron and mercury. It has very high value in Hinduism. Ashtadhatu is widely used for making idols of Hindu gods and goddesses. The process of making the alloy is quite difficult and hence ashtadhatu idols are rare.

Ashtadhatu idols are made so as to be durable and last years without noticeable decay. The eight metals are mixed in roughly equal proportions and the idols that are created are initially of rough finish. A lot of polishing work is done afterwards in polishing and to make ashtadhatu idols beautiful and as natural as possible.

Following idols are crafted out of ashtadhatu :
  • Lord Kuber
  • Lord Vishnu
  • Lord Krishna
  • Lord Rama
  • Goddess Durga
  • Goddess Lakhsmi

Brass Idols

Brass Idols Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc and is extensively used for crafting beautiful idols of Hindu gods and goddesses. The natural shine and durability of brass makes it the most suitable material for making idols.

The excellent look and resistance to corrosion makes brass an ideal material for making idols. Brass idols also serve as decorative items and gift items. Brass idols are mostly given a lacquered finish or are metal polished to protect them from oxidation leading to blackening of colour.

The different types of idols of Hindu gods and goddesses crafted out of brass are :
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Vishnu
  • Lord Kuber
  • Lord Krishna
  • Lord Hanuman
  • Goddess Saraswati
  • Goddess Lakhsmi

Sphatik/Crystal Idols

Sphatik/Crystal Idols Snow crystal is called Sphatik and it is a transparent, lustrous and smooth stone. In Indian astrology, Crystal is used as a substitute of diamond to appease the planet Venus. Crystals are also known as Sphatik. In India, quartz crystal is called Sphatik.

Crystal idols are ideal as desktop items or for pooja. Sphatik or crystal is widely used for making idols. They control the negative energies surrounding an area, remove bad effects caused due to Vaastu. There are various types of idols available like :
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Shiva
  • Goddess Lakhsmi


Parad/Mercury Idols

Parad/Mercury Idols Mythologically, Parad or Mercury is said to be the seed (sperm) of Lord Shiva. Ancient scriptures consider Mercury to be one of the most pure and auspicious of all metals. Parad is a metalloid (fluid metal) and is known to have medicinal and astrological benefits.

According to the Brahma Purana, any individual, male or female and belonging to any caste, who worships Parad idols every day is blessed with worldly pleasures and at last attains supreme salvation (Moksha). It is believed that the life of a Parad idol worshiper is full of glory, honor, fame, knowledge, wisdom and a happy successful family life.

Various types of idols of Hindu gods and goddesses made of parad or mercury include :
  • Lord Shiva
  • Lord Ganesha
  • Lord Krishna
  • Lord Hanuman
  • Goddess Lakhsmi
  • Goddess Durga
  • Lord Nandi


Religious Idols

Idols Idol-worship seems to have set its roots in Hinduism much before Vedic era began. The Indian idol is considered as a substitute or symbol. The statues of God and Goddess are precious for the devotees as they bear the mark of his Lord. The devotee feels the presence of Lord in the image and it represents holiness and eternal blessings. Made of various materials, idols are worshiped everywhere - in home, in temples and any other religious place.

Style of Idols
  • Maratha style : The style dates back to 17th or 18th century and in this style of idol making, blocks of stones are converted into idols.
  • Hoysala style : The idols crafted out of this style usually highlight sharp features, sophisticated and ornamented artistry and a distinct style.
  • Tanjore style : Idols crafted out of this represent the traditional Tanjore sculptures.
  • Jaipur style : In this style, white Makrana marble is carted into roughly-shaped blocks, which is finally shaped into figures of Gods and Goddesses

Hindu God Idols

Hindu God Idols Hinduism is known for the variety of gods and goddesses, who are worshipped in various forms. Hinduism is believed to be "apauruseya", that is of impersonal origin and so are the Gods of Hinduism. The Hindu gods and goddesses are eternal and though the deities appear to be different and independent, they are really facets of the same Supreme God.

The main Hindu Gods as is accepted today can be broadly classified as Saiva Gods (Siva, his consort, his sons, his other forms), Vaishnava Gods (Vishnu, his consort, his various avatharams).

In Hinduism, many Gods are worshiped and some of them are :

Ashwini Kumaras

Ashwini Kumaras Ashwini Kumaras are the twin gods of Hindu mythology. First physicians/healers of heaven and earth. The word 'ashwini' means horsewoman in Sanskrit, and the word 'kumara' denotes eternal youth. Sanjna (Lord Surya's wife) was wandering around the Universe in the form of a mare in the absence of her husband. Lord Surya saw through her deception and assumed the form of a horse. Ashwini Kumaras are a result of this union.

Ashwini Kumaras are associated with the lunar constellation Ashwini, which is related to healing and eternal youth. They are depicted as twins with the head of a horse, and a human body. They are regarded as the embodiments of knowledge and speed. Ashwini Kumaras also represent the fleeting moments between night and dawn (speed), and herald dawn (knowledge).

Lord Agni

Lord Agni Lord Agni is the also known as Agni dev. He is the young, immortal Lord of fire, and holds the second position in Hindu mythology after Indra. He was born from a lotus created by Brahma (the Creator in Hindu mythology). The word 'agni' means fire in Sanskrit. This word also has its roots in the Latin word 'ignis', from which the English word 'ignite' is derived.

Hindu mythology and Vedic scriptures describe Lord Agni as red hued, having three legs, seven tongues, seven hands, and two faces. The two faces are suggestive of his beneficient and destructive qualities. Seven rays of light emanate from his person. Lord Agni rides a ram, and is the creator of a fire weapon called 'agneyastra'. Lord Agni is the guardian of the Southeast direction. The three mukhi (three-faced) rudraksh bead is the symbol of Lord Agni. Like fire that burns all impurities, the wearer will be purged of all sins and attain purity of thought and deed.


Lord Ayyappa

Lord Ayyappa Lord Ayyappa is a celibate Hindu god. Lord Ayyappa is said to have been born out of the union of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu (in His female form 'Mohini'). Hence, he is known by other names like Hariharaputra, Hariharasuthan, Ayyappan, Manikanta and so on. Lord Ayyappa is known for his benevolence. As an infant, Lord Ayyappa lay on the banks of the river Pampa. King Rajashekhara, ruler of Pandalam heard his wails. Since the king had no children, he brought Lord Ayyappa to his palace and adopted him.

As a child, Lord Ayyappa imparted to the king, the principles of attaining Moksha (salvation). He also instructed the king to construct a temple atop the Sabarimala hill. After the temple was constructed, Lord Ayyappa entered the sanctum sanctorum and never returned. He is said to have merged with the Supreme Power. Lord Ayyappa is worshiped across India, and is the presiding deity of the Sabarimala temple in Kerala (India).

Lord Balaram

Lord Balaram Lord Balarama is the son of Devaki and Vasudeva. He incarnated as the elder brother of Lord Krishna. He is believed to be the incarnation of Sheshnaga, or the serpent on whom Lord Vishnu rests. Lord Balarama is described as fair, and wearing blue garments. His neck is adorned with a garland of forest flowers, and he carries a plough in his hand.

Lord Balarama is also considered to be the ninth incarnation (avatar) of Lord Vishnu. He is also known by the name Baladeva, and is the best friend of Lord Krishna. With Lord Jagannath (another form of Lord Krishna), he incarnated as Balabhadra. He is known for his immense strength. Lord Balarama denotes eternal truth and knowledge. Lord Balarama is also worshiped as 'adiguru' or Supreme Teacher.

Lord Bhairav

Lord Bhairav Lord Shiva incarnated as Lord Bhairav. "Bhairava" means terrifying, and Lord Shiva in his fearsome aspect is called Lord Bhairav. He is pictured with blue or black skin, bulging eyes, and a mustache. He has a dog as his divine vehicle. He is usually associated with Tantra. Worshiping Lord Bhairav bestows victory over enemies, materialistic comforts, and success. The origin of Lord Bhairav can be traced to the legend of Shiva and Sati.

Sati's (Lord Shiva's wife's) father Daksha slighted Shiva by not inviting him to a yajna which was attended by other gods. Lord Shiva was enraged when Sati immolated herself in the sacrificial fire. He killed Daksha, and carried Sati's lifeless body around the Universe performing the 'tandava' dance. Lord Vishnu realized that the end of the world was near. He cut Sati's body with his Sudarsana chakra, and the pieces fell in various parts in and around India. These places came to be famous as shakti peethas or places of worship of the Mother goddess. Since then, Lord Shiva protects these temples in the form of Lord Bhairav.


Lord Brahma

Lord Brahma The creation of Lord Brahma is stated differently in different legends. According to Puranas, he is self-born (without mother) in the lotus which grows from the navel of Vishnu at the beginning of the Universe. According to another legend, Lord Brahma created himself by first creating water.

Lord Brahma is the is the Hindu God of Creation, and is the first of member of the Hindu Trinity or Trimurti, the others being Vishnu and Shiva. He created the Gods and placed them in different worlds : Agni on earth, Vayu in the atmosphere and Surya in the sky.

Lord Brahma is traditionally depicted with four heads, four faces and four arms. Each head describes one of the four Vedas. He is usually depicted with a white beard, to match the near eternal nature of his existence. One of his hands is depicted holding a scepter in the form of a spoon, which is associated with the pouring of holy Ghee or oil into a sacrificial pyre. This symbolises that Brahma is the Lord of sacrifices. The second hand holds a Kamandalu (a water-pot), which signifies that it is the initial, all-encompassing ether in which the first element of creation evolved. The Lord also holds a string of rosary beads that he uses to keep track of the Universe's time. Lord Brahma is represented holding the Vedas, and sometimes, a lotus flower in his fourth hand.

Lord Brahma's vehicle is a swan (Hans) which is known for its judgment between good and bad. Lord Brahma's consort is Goddess Saraswati, the Goddess of knowledge and art.


Lord Buddha

Lord Buddha Lord Buddha is considered the ninth avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. He is the founder of Buddhism. "Buddha" means 'enlightened one'. Lord Buddha was born in 560 B.C. (approximately). The place of his birth was Lumbini, near the city of Kapilavastu (now in Nepal). He was born to the royal couple Suddhodana and Maya Devi. He was named Siddhartha. He is also known as Gautama Buddha.

Lord Buddha realized very early in life that life is an illusion (Maya). He renounced the world when he was twenty eight years old even though he was married. He taught the path of Nirvana (liberation) to his father, wife and son before he left his home forever. His teachings include ahimsa (non-violence) and dharma (right conduct). He left the world in 480 B.C. at the age of eighty. The Mahabodhi Temple (Bodh Gaya, India) was built to honor the place (and the tree) where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment.

Lord Budh

Lord Budh Lord Budh is associated with the planet Mercury. Lord Budh is also known as Budha, or Grahapati (lord of the planets). According to Vedic myth, Lord Chandra (the Moon) was overcome with lust on seeing Brihaspati's (Jupiter's) wife Tara. Lord Chandra abducted Tara, and Lord Budha (Mercury) is the result of this unoin. Thus, it is believed that the intellect (Mercury) is born out of the mind (Moon).

Lord Budha is depicted as having four hands, wearing yellow clothes and ornaments made of yellow flowers. Mercury is also known as 'grahapati' or lord of the planets. Lord Budha blesses his devotees with wisdom and wealth, and he also removes all evil thoughts. He is the guardian of the north direction. Emerald is his gem, and Wednesday is his ruling day. He rules the zodiac signs Gemini and Virgo.

Lord Chandra

Lord Chandra Lord Chandra is also known as Moon. He is also known as the lord of the stars. "Chandra" in Sanskrit means 'bright and shining'. He is also known as Soma, named after the intoxicating drink of the gods. Lord Chandra occupies the second position amongst the nine planets or Navagrahas. He adorns Lord Shiva's head.

Lord Chandra rules the zodiac sign Cancer. He also rules over the tides of the sea. His gems are moonstone and pearl. Lord Chandra's ruling day is Monday. He is the guardian of the northwest direction. His metal is silver. Worshiping Lord Chandra is said to provide relief from sorrows and mental afflictions.

Lord Dattatreya

Lord Dattatreya According to Hindu mythology, Lord Dattatreya is believed to be the combined avatar (incarnation) of the Hindu trinity (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva). Sage Atri prayed to the Hindu trinity, and when they were pleased with his penance, they appeared before him and offered to grant him a boon. Sage Atri asked for an offspring that would have their benevolent qualities. Thus, Lord Dattatreya was born.

Lord Dattatreya is depicted as having three heads, symbolizing the past, present, and future. His three heads also symbolize the three states of consciousness. He is pictured with four dogs around him, which represent the four Vedas and his mastery over them. Lord Dattatreya is considered the teacher of all gods. He dispels all evil influences.

Lord Dhanvantri

Lord Dhanvantri Lord Dhanvantri is the discoverer of Ayurveda, and is considered the physician of the gods (like the Ashwini Kumaras). According to Hindu mythology, Lord Dhanvantri appeared while the primeval ocean was being churned. He brought with him the knowledge of long life, health, and medicine. When the primeval ocean was being churned for the Nectar of Immortality, 14 gems were produced, and Lord Dhanvantari is considered one amongst them.

Lord Dhanvantari destroys negativity and blesses his devotees with good health. He is also known by the name Sudhapani, since he appeared with the pot of Nectar in his hands. The day of his appearance is celebrated on the thirteenth day or 'trayodasi' when the moon is in its waxing phase. This day is celebrated every year, a few days before Diwali/Deepavali (the festival of lights).

Lord Ganesha

Lord Ganesha In Hinduism, Lord Ganesha is one of the most well-known and venerated god. Ganesha is the son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati with an elephantine countenance with a curved trunk, big ears and a plump belly. 'Ga' symbolizes Buddhi (intellect) and 'Na' symbolizes Vidnyana (wisdom). Therefore, Ganesha is considered the master of intellect and wisdom. Lord Ganesha rides on or is attended by a mouse. He is most commonly represented sitting down, with one leg raised in the air and bent over the other.

He is regarded as the Lord of success, wisdom prosperity and the destroyer of evils and obstacles. Lord Ganesha is invoked at the beginning of any journey, wedding ceremony and enterprise.

The consort of Ganesha is Riddhi (material abundance) and Siddhi (intellectual and spiritual power).

Ganesha idols are crafted out of various materials including :
  • Stone
  • Wood
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Brass
  • Sphatik/Crystal
  • Parad/Mercury

The height and weight of Ganesha idols vary depending on the materials used for making them.

There are various styles of Ganesha idols including :

Deepak Ganesha Idol : In this type of idol, Lord Ganesha is represented as wearing a crown. The base of the idol has five cups or diyas where oil lamps can be lit. These idols are mainly made of brass and look very beautiful with an antique finish.

Panchmukha Ganesha Idol : Panchmukhi means having five faces. In some ancient scriptures, Ganesha is depicted as having five heads. This type of Ganesha idol is very popular in South India and is mainly worshipped for good luck and prosperity. These idols are also carved in brass.

Jhoola Lakshmi Ganesha Idol : This type of idol is mainly crafted in brass, sphatik and parad and depicts Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi together in a jhoola (swing). The idol of Lakshmi Ganesha is worshipped on Diwali nights. Lakshmi is regarded as the Goddess of wealth and Ganesha is regarded as the Lord of prosperity and good luck. The idol of Lakshmi Ganesha looks antique and also serves as an excellent gift item on Diwali and other festivals.

Lord Garuda

Lord Garuda In Hindu mythology, Lord Garuda is one of the principal animal deities. He is the son of the sage Kashyap and Vinita (Daksha's daughter). He is also known as the King of Birds. Lord Garuda is the divine carrier/vehicle of Lord Vishnu. His speed of flight mocks the wind. Lord Garuda is also considered the destroyer of all obstacles.

Lord Garuda is pictured as having a head and wings of an eagle while his body belongs to that of man. He has a white head, red wings, and a golden body. He was born with extreme hatred for evil, and it is believed that he wanders around the Universe devouring evil-doers. His hatred for snakes is also well known. Lord Garuda is always worshiped along with Lord Vishnu, and never as a separate deity.

Lord Guru

Lord Guru Lord Guru is the planet of Jupiter. He is also known as Brihaspati and Devagura. Lord Guru is the preceptor of Indra (king of the gods), and is the most auspicious of planets. According to the Shiva Purana, Lord Guru is the son of sage Angirasa and Surupa. He has three wives, namely Shuba, Tara, and Mamata. The color of Lord Guru is yellow, and he also wears yellow robes.

Lord Guru blesses his devotees with strength, knowledge, longevity, and progeny. He cures ailments of the stomach and wards off sins. Lord Guru is also benevolent, and a dispenser of justice. His metal is gold, and his gem is yellow topaz/yellow sapphire. His day is Thursday. Lord Guru is the guardian of the north-east direction.


Lord Hanuman

Lord Hanuman Lord Hanuman is one of the incarnations of Lord Shiva. He is depicted as a monkey and is known for his bravery, heroic deeds and eternal devotee of Lord Rama. The idol of Lord Hanuman represents him holding a Gada (mace), which reflects courage and bravery along with a picture of Lord Rama tattooed on his chest, which symbolizes his eternal devotion.

Lord Hanuman has many names like "Mahaveera" (the great hero ), "Pavan-suta" (Son of Air), "Bajarangbali" (one with unlimited power). The worshiper of Lord Hanuman is always blessed with pure and unselfish devotion.

Hanuman Idol is the provider of hope, knowledge, fearlessness, intellect and is a symbol of endless devotion. He is the greatest devotee of Lord Rama and has been given a boon to be worshipped through all the "Yugas" (Eras) of Hindu time scale.

The idol of Lord Hanuman is usually made of :
  • Stone
  • Brass
  • Parad

The idols of Lord Hanuman come in different height, weight and base length. These parameters depend on the type of material used for making the idol.


Lord Indra

Lord Indra Indra is the chief god of Rig Veda. Indra is the leader of Devas. Lord Indra is the god of war, storms and thunder, he is strongest of all beings and greatest of all warriors. Lord Indra has been the protector of Gods and mankind against the evil forces. Possessing the celestial weapon Vajra, the lightning bolt, Lord Indra is known as the God of thunder. He also has a bow, a hook and a net in the battle. Lord Indra is also considered as the creator, since he is the one who brought water to earth, he is known as the fertility god as well. Lord Indra is also believed to have the power to revive slain warriors who had fallen in battle. He enjoys drinking soma. Lord Indra is very handsome, he is the eldest son of Kasyapa and Aditi. His vahana-vehicle is a white colored elephant called Eravat.

Lord Jagannath

Lord Jagannath Lord Jagannath is the Lord of the world. The word Jagannath literally means lord of the universe. Lord Jagannath is the symbol of universal love and brotherhood. Jagannath is particular form of Lord Vishnu, or more accurately that of Lord Krishna. The image of Lord Jagannath has no legs just has stump of hands. The idol is black in color. Lord Jagannath is worshiped along with his brother Balabhadra and sister Suvadra. Lord Balabhadra is the elder brother, Lord Jagannath is younger brother and Devi Suvadra is younger sister. Puri, in Orissa is considered the real abode of Lord Jagannath. It is believed that Lord Jagannath symbolizes cosmic zero and that Lord is omnipotent, omnipresent and omniscient. The Jagannath cult has people of all religion and faith.

Lord Kalki

Lord Kalki According to Hindu mythology Lord Kalki is the tenth and final re-incarnation of Lord Vishnu who is not yet born. Lord Kalki is the protector of good. It is a strong belief according to Hindu myhthology that Lord Kalki takes birth in this planet in Kalyug {time after death of Lord Krishna around 3000bc}. Klayug is believed to be a time of wars, deciet, and peaceless attrocities. It is said that it is this time that Lord will reincarnate himself as Kalki and save the world from pain and troubles. The Kalki temple in Jaipur is the only temple that is built in the name of an incarnation who is not yet born. Kalki actually means born of time. It is believed that Lord Kalki will come in a white horse with a shining sword in his hand and will protect mankind from the chaos and evils of kalyug.

Lord Kamdev

Lord Kamdev Lord Kamdev is the Hindu god of love. Kamdev is symbolized as a young and good looking man with wings who possesses bow and arrows. According to Shivpuran, Kamdev is a son meaning a creation of Bramha, creator of the universe. According to Hindu mythology Kamdeva is a brother of Prasuti, they both are children of Shatarupa, also a creation of Bramha. Lord Kamdev's bow is made of sugarcane with honeybees sitting on it. The arrows are beautifully decorated with five kinds of sweet smelling flowers. The string of the bow is made of a chain of honeybees. Parrot, cuckoo and humming bees are his companions.

Lord Kartikeya

Lord Kartikeya Kartikeya is the second son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati or Shakti. He is known by many names like, Skanda, Subramaniam, Shadanana, Guha, Sanmukha meaning having six faces. Lord Kartikeya symbolizes a person of perfection. He is the war God and was created by all the Gods to bring an end to the demons. Lord Kartikeya is very masculine and fierce. He is also regarded as fire and is very fiery in nature. The Lord has a spear in his hand called Sakti which represents the destruction of evil and with his other hand he is found blessing his devotees. In south India Lord Kartikeya is very popular and is known as Murugan. Lord Kartikeya's vehicle or Vahana is a peacock that has the capacity of killing serpents [representing ego and desires of people] by gripping in his feet. Thus the peacock represents the destroyer of harmful and sensual desires of humans.

Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna According to various Hindu traditions, Lord Krishna is regarded as the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu. He is known for his bravery in destroying evil powers throughout his life. Lord Krishna is worshiped by Hindus all across the world. In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna is seen as the Supreme Person and the highest God.

The Lord is usually depicted as playing the flute (Murali), which symbolizes spreading the melody of love to people.

In most of his idols, Lord Krishna is also represented with his childhood devotee Radha. The Lord is usually remembered and worshipped as Radha-Krishna. The pair symbolizes the eternal love between people and god. Lord Krishna is also shown with his pet cow, his childhood favorite. Lord Krishna performed many divine sports (leela) during his childhood.

Different types of materials used for crafting the idol of Lord Krishna include :
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Stone
  • Brass
  • Parad

The height and weight of these idols varies on the basis of the material used for carving them.

The idols of Shree Krishna are available in various styles and postures. Some of the common styles are :

Radha Krishna Jhoola Idol
This is a very lovely idol, usually crafted in brass that depicts Lord Krishna and his beloved Radha together in a Jhoola (swing). This type of idol reflects a unique example of love and devotion.

Baby Krishna Idol
This type of idol depicts child Krishna childhood who is known for his naughtiness and mischievous acts. In his childhood, Lord Krishna was known as Makhan Chor, the one who used to steal butter from cowherd damsels in his neighbourhood.

Ladoo Gopal Idol
Lord Krishna was lovingly called "Ladoo Gopal" in his childhood. This type of idol of Lord Krishna depicts the childhood with the Lord holding a ladoo that symbolizes happiness and joy to the world.

Lord Kuber

Lord Kuber Lord Kuber, also known as Kuvera is considered as the actual God of wealth, money and success in Indian mythology. He is the Lord of all treasures and the god's treasurer. Kuber is also known as the God of Yakshas (savage beings). Kuber is the actual Lord of Riches in the Indian pantheon (Lakshmi being the goddess of fortune of which money is a great part).

Kuber is worshipped as a God who protects and conserves wealth in a family. It is believed that worshiping Kuber idol regularly along with Kuber yantra ensures fast results and blesses the natives with prosperity, wealth and goodluck. He is the basis of gain of unlimited wealth and prosperity.

According to ancient vedic books of Ramayana, Kuber made the Gold Lanka, which was taken by his brother Ravana. All ancient texts encourage the use of Kuber Sadhana for the gain of wealth. It is said that Lord Kuber blesses the Sadhak with material success and wealth. Our Vedas and ancient texts encourage the use of Kuber sadhana for the gain of wealth.

It is believed that there are three main benefits form Kuber Sadhana. Firstly, when Lord Kuber is pleased, he blesses the devotee with material success and wealth. Secondly, there are increased chances of getting wealth unexpectedly and suddenly. Thirdly, no matter how much one spends money keeps flowing in, provided the wealth is used for constructive purposes and not for destructive or antisocial activities Kuber Sadhana is short and simple but its effects are amazing if one tries it with true belief and faith.

Lord Kubera idol is usually made of :
  • Astadhatu
  • Brass
  • Stone

Lord Kurma

Lord Kurma Lord Kurma or Koorm is the second incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the form of a Tortoise. According to the legend it is believed that mountain Mandara was used as a churning stick and it began to sink in the sea bed. This crisis made Lord Vishnu assume the form of a tortoise. Then Lord dived into the bottom of the sea and his back served as the pivot for the churning stick. The incarnation in the form of Kurma symbolizes the development of life. This is so because when the ability to breathe air and walk out of water developed hence the turtle became the symbol of perseverance.


Lord Laxman

Lord Laxman Lord Laxman is the younger brother of Lord Rama. His performance of duties as a younger brother is that of sacrifice and superior character, such duties are actually difficult to perform. Lord Laxmana was very dedicated and loyal to his elder brother Lord Rama. In comparison to Lord Rama, Laxmana is shot tempered. But Laxmana is also considered as a vital element of Mariyada Purushottam, as he had displayed presence of mind and courage when Rama had become desperate and angry over the loss of Sita. In such a situation Laxmana had displayed a matured behavior and had calmed Lord Rama. Lord Laxmana's life is a symbol of duties performed by a man towards his elders and also depicts the nature of selflessness in a man's character.

Lord Mangal

Lord Mangal Lord Mangal (Mars) is one of the nine planets or navagrahas. He is also known by the names Angaraka and Kuja. According to Vedic mythology, Lord Mangal is born of Sarva and Vikesi (Earth goddess). He is associated with strength, valor, and courage. Lord Mangal is the protector of dharma (righteousness), and the purpose of life.

Lord Mangal has four hands, and carries a trident and mace as weapons. He wears red ornaments. Worshiping Lord Mangal frees one from skin illnesses, debts, and poverty. The gemstone of Lord Mangal is the red coral, and his day is Tuesday. He is the guardian of the south direction.

Lord Rama

Lord Rama Lord Rama is one of the most commonly adored gods of Hindus and is known as an ideal man and hero of the epic Ramayana. He is one of the most popular heroes of Hindu mythology and folktales in South and Southeast Asia.

Lord Rama is always represented holding a bow and arrow indicating his readiness to destroy evils. He is also called "Shri Rama" and is regarded as the most famous incarnation Lord Vishnu. More commonly he is pictured in a family style, (Ram Parivar) with his wife Sita, brother Lakshman and devotee Hanuman who is sitting near Lord Rama's feet.

Ram Darbar
Ram Darbar constitutes of Lord Rama, Goddess Sita, his wife, Lord Lakshman, his younger brother and his ardent devotee - Lord Hanuman. Lord Rama is regarded as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu as a great King. Sita is his eternal consort and an incarnation of Lakshmi.

The idol of Lord Rama is usually made of :
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Stone

The height and weight of idols of Lord Rama varies according to the material used for crafting these idols.


Lord Shani

Lord Shani Lord Shani is one of the navagrahas (nine planets). He is also referred to as Saturn. He is also known as Shaneeshwara, Shani Bhagawan, Saneeswaran, Lord Sani and so on. Lord Shani is the son of Lord Surya (the sun god). According to Hindu mythology, after Sanjana (daughter of Lord Vishwakarma) married Lord Surya, she found the power of his rays hard to bear. After giving birth to three children, she decided to leave for her parents' place. Before she left, she created a woman from her own shadow and named her Chayadevi. Lord Shani is the result of the union between Lord Surya and Chhayadevi (also known as Chhaya).

When Lord Shani was born, the sun went into an eclipse. Lord Shani is said to be the enemy of light. He is associated with the color black. The crow is Lord Shani's vehicle. His gems are the blue sapphire (neelam), and all black gems. His metal is lead, and he is the lord of Saturday.

Lord Sheshnag

Lord Sheshnag Lord Sheshnag is depicted is the divine serpent with a thousand heads. According to Hindu mythology, the world rests on the hoods of Lord Sheshnaga, and when he shakes his head, there are earthquakes. He is also known as Ananta (eternal) since he is immortal and is not affected by death even during the destruction of the Universe.

Lord Vishnu reclines on the coils of Lord Sheshnag in the Ksheersagar, or the Ocean of Milk. Lord Sheshnag is also considered to be the soul of Lord Vishnu when he incarnated as Lord Balaram.

Lord Shiva

Lord Shiva Lord Shiva is one of the main Deities of Hinduism. He is the Supreme God in Shaivism, one of the major branches of Hinduism practiced in India. Lord Shiva is worshipped as the paramount lord by the Saivite sect of India. He is considered as the destroyer and the restorer, the great ascetic and the symbol of sensuality. Lord Shiva is a part of the trinity or trimurti of Hindu gods.

Even though he represents destruction, Lord Shiva is viewed as a positive force (the Destroyer of Evil). According to Shaivism, Shiva is not merely a destroyer but performs five functions :
  • Creator Preserver
  • Destroyer
  • Hiding the sins
  • Blessing

Lord Shiva is usually represented by the Shiva linga (or lingam), which is depicted by a clay mound with three horizontal stripes on it, or visualised as a blazing pillar.

God Shiva is known by various names. One of his names is Bholenath, which means the innocent God. Shiva as Rudra is regarded as the destroyer of evil and sorrow. Shiva as Shankara is known as the doer of good. Lord Shiva has "Trinetra" (divine vision). He is also known as "Nilakantha" (blue necked). This is because of the fact that he consumed the poison 'Halahala' to save the world from destruction. Lord Shiva as Nataraja represents the Divine Cosmic Dancer. Shiva is also known as Ardh narishvara, which symbolises both man and woman.

Lord Shiva idols are crafted out of various materials like :

  • Stone
  • Wood
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Sphatik/Crystal
  • Parad/Mercury

The height and weight of Shiva Idols are variable and depends on the material used for making the idol.

Idols of Lord Shiva are available in following style :

Shiva Parivar
Shiva Parivar is a combination of 5 statues comprising the family of Lord Shiva. It includes Lord Shiva(in the form of shivlinga), Goddess Parvati, their two sons - Ganesha and Kartikeya and Shiva's vehicle - the Nandi Bull. It is said that the regular worship of Shiva Parivar results in prosperity and good health.

The idol of Shiva Parivar is usually available in Sphatik and Parad.

Lord Shukra

Lord Shukra Lord Shukra is a part of the nine planets (navagrahas). He is the planet Venus. According to Hindu scriptures, he is born from the union of Sage Bhrigu and his wife Ushana (also known as Usha). Lord Shukra is blessed by Lord Brahma (the Cosmic Creator), he showers his devotees with abundance.

Lord Shukra is pictured as a fair god. He has four hands, and is seated on a white lotus. He rides a chariot driven by eight horses. Lord Shukra is also known as Shukracharya. He bestows prosperity, wealth, knowledge, and happiness. Diamond is the gem of Lord Shukra. His metals are copper and silver. His ruling day is Friday, and he is the guardian of the south-east direction.

Lord Skanda

Lord Skanda Lord Skanda is the spiritual son of Lord Shiva. He is also known as Kartikeya or Murugan Skanda. Lord Skanda has six faces and twelve arms. This avtar of Lord was granted by Lord Shiva to protect the Gods from the Demons. This great son of Lord Shiva became the leader of the celestial forces. The battle was won by the Gods under the able guidance of Lord Skanda. The spiritual significance of Lord Skanda is the supremity of supreme efficacy, sincere prayer and self surrender.

Lord Surya

Lord Surya Lord Surya is the ruler of all planets that rotate around him. Lord Surya is also known by other names like Savitar, Aditya, and Ravi. He is the son of Sage Kashyap and Aditi. He is described as Jagat Chakshu (Eye of the World), and Aharpati (Lord of the Day). The sun's rays nourish and nurture life and living beings. Hence, he is described as 'Pranadata' or life-giver.

Lord Surya is the guardian of the east. He blesses his devotees with good health, fame, and prosperity. His ruling day is Sunday. His gemstone is the red ruby, and gold is his metal. The chariot of Lord Surya has only one wheel. It is drawn by seven horses corresponding to the colors of the rainbow. The charioteer of Lord Surya is Aruna, Lord Garuda's brother.


Lord Varaha

Lord Varaha The third avtar of Lord Vishnu is known as Lord Varaha. This avtar is in the form of a boar who was sent to defeat Hiranyaksha, a demon who had carried the Earth to the bottom of the cosmic ocean. The battle is believed to take place for thousands of years and Lord Varaha won the battle. Lord Varaha has the face of a boar and a man's body. The avtar depicts the reconstruction of the Earth from a deluge and the establishment of a new cycle. Lord Vishnu married Bhudevi [Prithvi] in this avtar.

Lord Vayu

Lord Vayu Lord Vayu is the god of wind. He belongs to the Cosmic Trinity or Hindu Triad (Sun, Fire, Air), and constitutes one of the five elements of the Universe, i.e. earth, air, water, fire, and space. Lord Vayu is said to have been born from the breath or life force of the Supreme Being. Lord Vayu is also described as 'satata-ga' (ever moving), 'pavana' (wind), and 'gandha-vaha' (the perfume bearer).

Lord Vayu is considered the king of the Gandharvas (spirits of the atmosphere/sky). He is said to be fierce and fast. He roams all over the earth, and heavens. Lord Vayu is also amorous and has a rash nature. He is said to have blown the top of the mythical Mount Meru which fell into the sea, and is the present day Lanka (Ceylon). Lord Vayu is the father of Lord Hanuman. He is the guardian of the north-west direction.

Lord Vishnu

Lord Vishnu Lord Vishnu is regarded as a major god in Hinduism and Indian mythology. He is considered as the Preserver of the universe and is the member of the Trinity of Gods in Hinduism. The idol of Lord Vishnu is represented as the God having four hands. The first hand holds a conch shell (sankha) indicating spread of the divine sound "Om"; the second hand holds a discus (chakra), which symbolises the wheel of time; the third one holds a lotus (Padma) which is an example of glorious existence and the fourth hand holds a mace (Gada) indicating the power and the punishing capacity of the Lord in case the discipline of life is ignored.

His vehicle is the swift-flying bird Garuda, which is capable of spreading Vedic knowledge with great courage. The consort of Lord Vishnu is Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of Wealth.

According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Vishnu is represented in two postures. In one, the God rests on the bed of the powerful, coiled serpent, Sheshnag, who represents the sleeping universe. In another form, Lord is depicted in a standing posture. Lord Vishnu is also known as Hari, the Remover.

Lord Vishnu is most popularly identified with his Avatars (incarnations) especially Krishna and Rama. He is also frequently referred to as Narayana.

Vaishnavite Hindus also worship Vishnu in an abstract form (i.e., God with vague form) as a Shaligrama stone. Worshiping the Shaligrama is similar to the worship of Lingam, a form of Shiva.

The idol of Lord Vishnu is usually made of the following materials :
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Brass
  • Stone
  • Parad/Mercury

The height and weight of Lord Shiva idols varies depending on the type of material used for making the idol.


Lord Vishwakarma

Lord Vishwakarma Lord Vishwakarma is known as the lord of craftsmen. Hindus worship Lord Vishwakarma as the god of engineering and architecture. He is the presiding deity of goldsmiths, blacksmiths, carpenters, masons, and all people who possess craft skills. Lord Vishwakarma is the son of Lord Brahma, the Cosmic Creator.

Lord Vishwakarma is pictured with four hands. He carries a book, a vessel, a noose, and craftsmen's tools. He is the personification of all creative power. All chariots, and divine weapons of the gods are created by Lord Vishwakarma. He built Dwarka, Yamapuri, and Lanka. He is also said to have created the image of Lord Jagannath and left it incomplete due to interruption.

Lord Yama

Lord Yama Lord Yama or Yamraj, is the god of death. He is the son of Lord Surya and Sanjana. 'Yama' means twin, and this can be attributed to Hindu mythology where he is depicted as the twin brother of Yami (Yamuna). However, 'Yama' also means 'the restrainer'. So it is Lord Yama who restrains humankind. Lord Yama is the god of hell.

Lord Yama is shown with a grim appearance with a glittering crown on his head. He carries a mace in one hand, and a rope in the other. He uses the rope to pull the soul from the lifeless body. He is also considered as the Lord of Justice, a judge of the dead. According to the karma of the soul, he decide whether to give punishment, and the nature of punishment. Lord Yama rides a black water buffalo. He is the guardian of the south direction.

Planet Ketu

Planet Ketu Ketu is the imaginary headless planet which represents spirituality. It is the south node of the moon. According to the Puranas, after the primeval ocean was churned, Lord Dhanvantri appeared with a pot of Nectar. This was the Nectar of Immortality. Lord Vishnu was distributing this nectar amongst the gods, when the celestial serpent demon Rahu mingled amidst the gods so he could drink the Nectar of Immortality (Amrita). The sun and moon gods (Surya and Chandra) saw through his deception and notified Lord Vishnu.

Lord Vishnu cut off Rahu's head in a fit of rage, but Rahu had already drunk the Nectar and was immortalized. Thus, his immortal head was severed from the immortal body/tail. Rahu and Ketu are the severed head and tail of the same demon. The immortal tail is known as Ketu or dragon tail. Ketu causes lunar eclipse. The gem of Ketu is Cat's eye.


Planet Rahu

Planet Rahu Rahu is the imaginary planet, the north node of the moon. According to the Puranas, when the Ocean of Milk was churned, the Nectar of Immortality was produced. While Lord Vishnu was distributing this nectar amongst the gods, the celestial serpent demon Rahu mingled amidst the gods so that he could taste the nectar and attain immortality (Amrita). The sun and moon gods (Surya and Chandra) saw through Rahu's deception. When they notified Lord Vishnu, he (Vishnu) cut off Rahu's head in a fit of rage, but Rahu had already drunk the Nectar and was immortalized.

Rahu now refers to the head of the demon. It is also known as 'dragon head'. It is the planet of success. Rahu is associated with the strengthening of personal power. The gemstone of Rahu is hessonite. Rahu causes solar eclipse. Rahu and Ketu are two parts of the same demon.


Hindu Goddess Idols

Hindu Goddess Idols Hinduism is known for the variety of gods and goddesses, who are worshipped in various forms. All Hindu Gods and Goddesses are the same Supreme God or divine energy, nameless and without form. God in the feminine form is regarded as the goddess, the Divine Mother in Hinduism.

In Hinduism, many Goddesses are worshiped and some of them are :

Devi Kurukulla

Devi Kurukulla Devi Kurukulla is compared to goddess Tara, where Kurukulla in her red avtaar exercises her powers of enchantment and bewitchment to control the evil spirits, demons, and humans who work against the humanity and its spiritual evolution. While if talking in terms of practical magic, then she can bring anything imaginable under the practitioner's power. She has the power to subjugate the demonic forces. In Tibet, she is worshiped whenever starting a new project for her blessings. Along with goddesses Manjushri and Sarasvati, she is worshiped by students to get blessings.

As per mythology, Kurukulla is sixteen years old since sixteen is considered an ideal number signifying perfection, four times four. She is depicted naked as unconditioned by destructive thoughts. The garland made of human bones adorns her persona. She signifies the sixth perfection. Like Kali, she is also shown in a dancing pose upon a male corpse, thus, signifying her active and energetic & compassionate activity highlighted in both Samsara and Nirvana.

Goddess Aditi

Goddess Aditi Aditi, the Hindu great Goddess, is considered the Goddess of Sun. Her attribute is her motherhood. She represents the wide horizon. She is the free-spirited goddess andas per the Vedas, she was once all-encompassing. She was known as the goddess of the past and the future, the life cycle, the seven dimensions of the cosmos, the celestial light which permeates all things, and the consciousness of all living things. Later, she was known for giving birth to the Adityas. Though she is also said to have given birth to the twelve zodiacal spirits. She is even known as the consort of Brahma. She is symbolized through the form of a cow as well. Eventually, Aditi was degraded as a guardian goddess who helped her worshipers find a smooth path to what they were looking for.

Goddess Bhavani

Goddess Bhavani Bhavani in Hindu mythology is considered as a ferocious goddess Shakti or Devi. She connotes "giver of life", nature's power as well the source of creative energy. She is even known by Karunaswaroopini, meaning "filled with mercy". The other names by which is known are Tulaja, Turaja, Tvarita and Amba.

She was the tutelary deity of the Maratha leader, Shivaji. Due to this, she is worshiped in high reverence throughout Maharashtra. Legend says that the goddess slained the notorious demon, Mahishasura who had wrecked havoc upon the devas & the humans.

The other legend suggests that a demon camouflaged himself in the form of a wild buffalo, known as Mahisha, & took abode on the Yamunachala hill. The goddess slained the demon to reestablish peace &, thus, a temple devoted to her was built on the hill.


Goddess Chomolungma

Goddess Chomolungma Chomolungma goddess is the name given to Mt. Everest, where she is supposed to inhabit. She is one of five sisters associated with mountains situated above sacred lakes, along the Nepal/Tibet frontier. As per the legend, Chomolungma or Miyolangsangma is a part of a group of wrathful Bon deities, the srungma. She was subdued by the evangelising zeal of Guru Rinpoche to act as a servant of Buddhism. Ever since, she has become the symbol of a generous benefactor.

The Sherpas on Everest ritually pay their homage to the goddess in order to keep on her good side since anything offensive may such as morally questionable behaviour can provoke her wrath. Even in the past, she was seen as the deity of a wealth-giver & thus, she still holds that same position in the region.

Goddess Devi

Goddess Devi Devi is a Sanskrit word meaning Goddess which is synonymous with Shakti, the female aspect of divinity. In the Shakta tradition, she is seen as the driving force without which the male aspect is considered impotent. She is even known by many names in the of the Hindu culture. The Divine Mother has forms like that of the warrior Durga and the bloodthirsty Kali. She at the same time can be gentle as Parvati or mother of the elephant god Ganesha. She is the better half of Shiva, i.e. Parvati. Devi is considered to be the "Mother Goddess", thus, meaning the mother of all. Her right hand interprets joy and pain while the left hand means life and death. She is seen as the god of nature and life since she brings rain and is a savior as from death. She is even worshiped for her mild and loving nature. She could be terrible as a Mother of Death. Her divine vehicle is either lion or tiger whenever she is fighting the evil. In a nutshell, she is the goddess of creative power and represents all women in the universe.


Goddess Durga

Goddess Durga Parvati is the Shakti (power) and consort of Lord Shiva, the god of disintegration and destruction. A majority of goddesses of Hinduism are aspects and variations of Parvati. She is known by different names like Uma, Gauri, Kali, Durga, Haimavati etc. Like her consort Shiva, Parvati also has two aspects, the mild and the terrible.

There are three major aspects of Devi Parvati or Shakti Durga, Kali and Lalita. Durga and Kali represent the aspects of power of the goddess and Lalita represents the aspect of beauty.

Goddess Durga is the most widely worshipped aspect of Shakti. The goddess is the reflection and manifestation of supreme beauty and deadly power and her name is synonymous with the victory of good over evil. The goddess represents the total personification power of gods. The word "Durga" literally means one who is difficult to approach or difficult to know. Being the mother of the Universe, she is the personification of tender love and possesses different forms and aspects. Goddess Durga is the mysterious power with the combination of both pleasant and terrible nature. She is the personification of knowledge, wisdom and memory and is worshiped for wealth and prosperity.

According to legends, the Gods could not defeat a buffalo-demon called "Mahisha" who could take any form. Lord Shiva advised all gods to release their "Shakti" (power) and from the combined force emerged a magnificent, many armed goddess called Devi Durga. She is called the invincible one and she defeated the demon "Mahisha" and thus saved the Universe from destruction.

The Goddess is usually depicted with eight or ten arms, each holding conch, discus, trident, bow, arrow, sword, dagger, shield, rosary, wine cup and bell. It is said that each of these weapons were given to the goddess for defeating the buffalo-demon. The Goddess may be shown as standing on a lotus or on a buffalo head or as riding a lion.

The idol of Devi Durga are usually crafted out of materials like :
  • Stone
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Wood
  • Parad
  • Brass

The height and weight of idols of Goddess Durga depends greatly on the material used for making the idol.


Goddess Indrani

Goddess Indrani Indrani, as the name goes, was Indra's wife & was the queen of Gods. As per the early Vedic accounts, she was merely a female shadow of him. Sometimes referred to as the goddess of wrath, Indrani was the daughter of a demon called Puloman later killed by Indra. She was the epitome of beauty with one thousand eyes. While according to the later Hindu interpretations, she started personifying jealousy & evil intent. She was ranked as one of the nine astral deities who were the highest of the gods in south. The divine vehicle for the goddess was either the lion or the elephant.

As per the Rig Veda, she is considered to be the most fortunate female as her husband was granted immortality. According to The Taittiriya Brahmana, Indra chose her as his wife from a number of competing goddesses simply because of her magnetic voluptuous attractions. Though, she has never been held in very high esteem as a goddess. Indrani is known as Sachi and Aindri as well.

Goddess Kadru

Kadru in mythology is the daughter of Daksha, while the wife of Kashyapa. As per the Adi Parva in Mahabharata, she is considered to be the mother of the Nagas. While, according to the Ramayana, it is the other way round where she is the daughter of Kasyapa and Krodhavasa, who is another daughter of Daksha. Thus, she might be seen as Daksha's grand daughter as well.

The key point about this goddess is her being a mother of "a thousand powerful many-headed serpents, the chief amongst whom were Sesha, Vasuki and many other fierce and venomous serpents." It is considered twelve according to the Vishnu Purana while forty as per the Vayu Purana. Her offspring bear the metronymic Kadraveya.


Goddess Kali

Goddess Kali Kali or "the black one" is the goddess symbolizing dissolution and destruction in Hindu mythology. She is the destroyer of ignorance who maintains the world order while blesses and frees all those who are seeking knowledge of God. Her name is associated with Agni, according to Vedas, who is the god of fire & is known for seven flickering tongues of flame. Out of these, Kali was the black, horrible tongue. This is considered to be the origin for the name "Kali", who is the grim consort of Shiva. When talking about her appearance, then her fearsome baleful eyes, protruding tongue, and four arms along with a bloody sword in her upper left hand & a severed head in her lower left hand, makes it the most fearful picture. She makes the gesture of fearlessness through her upper left hand while the lower right hand confers benefits. She is always found draped with a chain of severed human heads & a belt of dismembered arms gives a frightening look to her persona. She is often shown in a dancing mode or in sexual union with Shiva. And she stands upon the supine from her husband to depict her Bhavatarini image, i.e. the redeemer of the universe.

Kali is known by names like Kalikamata ("black earth-mother") and Kalaratri ("black night") as well.

Goddess Kauri

Kauri is considered as the avatar of the goddess Sere. She is worshiped as the Avatar of the Shadow as well. Seen as the protector of the dark hours, she even represents illusions, deception & shadows. She always left a series of legacy wherever she would take birth as a human by the name of Kauri Savina. Her life suggests two phases, as a humble healer of the Divine Muse later replaced by the position of High Priestess. But then she became the powerful Avatar of the Shadows and the Angel of Darkness. She is known by many names like Kauri Savina, Angel of the Mists, Child Thief, Flayer of Minds, Seer of the Eternity's Eye. She could hear spoken words within the shadows as per some belief. One might lose his tongue if he talks ill about the deity. Kauri seldom makes an appearance without inciting some form of chaos. While one is even blessed by the goddess if he walks in the Shadows, thus, getting the strength to fight all the odds

Goddess Kundalini

Goddess Kundalini Kundalini is actually a Sanskrit word which means either "coiled up" or "coiling like a snake". It emphasizes a more serpentine nature to the word, the 'serpent power'. The symbolic coiling snakes is an ancient symbolic representation of Kundalini physiology. The symbol, however, is believed to have originated from Hermes and Greek mythology.

Legend says that when the Goddess traveled up the spine just to meet her Divine Mate, that has been seen as the consummated union of Spirit and Matter. She is known as the Goddess Shakti. Mythological interpretation of the goddess says that whenever the Shakti is awakened, she sweeps us up in her wildest passion to reunite with her Lord Shiva in the crown chakra. This Mystical Marriage metaphorically symbolizes the combining of the male and female energies within our bodies which gives birth to our multidimensional consciousness. The procedure helps the soul in living its divine purpose through the human beings.

Goddess Kundalini cannot be remembered for curiosity or selfish reasons. The ego of mankind cannot survive the serpent's wrath of the goddess whose force is fifth dimensional. The goddess has been compared to a forest fire which burns up a huge forest to ashes. Another comparison has been made to a submarine fire which rises up in the ocean as fire and renders the ocean totally devoid of water. It can lead to an earthquake when the central fire of land erupts.


Goddess Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi Lakshmi is regarded as the Goddess of wealth and good fortune in Hinduism. She is the consort of Lord Vishnu and is said to have taken different forms in order to be with him in each of his incarnations. Thus when he was the dwarf Vamana, she appeared from a lotus and was known as Padma, or Kamala; when he was the ax-wielding Parasurama the destroyer of the warrior caste, she was his wife Dharani; when he was King Rama, she was his queen Sita.

The idol of Goddess Lakshmi is often represented as seated on a lotus, sometimes being anointed by a pair of elephants. White owl is the vehicle of Goddess Lakshmi. The Goddess is worshiped by all Hindu for wealth and prosperity. It is said that the Goddess blesses the worshiper with wealth, prosperity and harmony in his life.

The idol of Goddess Lakshmi is usually crafted of the following materials :
  • Stone
  • Brass
  • Ashtadhatu
  • Sphatik/Crystal
  • Parad/Mercury
  • Wood

The idol of Lakshmi comes in various styles and combinations. The most common ones are :

Sri Lakshmi Narayana Idol
Lord Narayana, also known as Lord Vishnu, is regarded as a major god in Hinduism and Indian mythology. Lord Vishnu represents himself as Narayana because he has goddess Lakshmi within him. Lord Vishnu's consort is Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth. The Lakshmi Narayan idol is worshipped in Hinduism for peace, prosperity and to get the blessings of Lord Lakshmi Narayana.

Ganesha and Lakshmi Idol
The most important feature of Diwali celebrations is the Lakshmi - Ganesha pooja. Goddess Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth and prosperity. Lord Ganesha is worshipped first on every pooja and is the God of pure consciousness, good luck, knowledge and wisdom. The auspicious pair of Lakshmi-Ganesh idol brings charm and grace to an individual's office and home.


Goddess Maricihi

Marici is the goddess of Dawn or Sun's ray. The shining goddess is a Buddhist astral goddess. She is considered to be an avtaar of Vairocana, also his Shakti, as well identified as a bodhisattva, or buddha-designate. She was the mother of Sakyamuni (a form of the Buddha).

Sun god in Hindu mythology is considered an equivalent of Goddess Marichi. She is often depicted in a three-headed form, as the Shakti of Hayagriva, beautifully seated on a lotus. Her left head resembles a pig, while she rides in a chariot drawn by seven boars. The complexion is red, yellow, or white, and she is flanked by an arrow, fly whisk, horse's head in the hair, needle, prayer wheel, staff, sword, thread and trident; also in three-eyed. Her path crosses the route of the sun while traveling, thus, becoming invisible. She oversees thirty-six celestial deities and seventy-two earthly deities. All these one hundred and eight deities are responsible for showering blessings and punishing people depending on the karmas from these people's previous lives and their current lives.

Marici designates a demiurge, a product of the creator god Brahma as per the Hindu mythology.


Goddess Maya

Goddess Maya Maya is considered to be the mother of Buddha, known popularly in the Hindu scriptures as Mahamaya, meaning Great Maya, or Mayadevi, the Goddess Maya. While she is known as Gutrulma in Tibetan & Queen Maya in English.

Maya means Illusion of an interplay of Substance and Energy that gives a feeling that there is something "there". Thus, Mahamaya actually means The Grandest Deception. Along with Shakti & Prakriti, Maya makes the powerful combination of the three "personified" as great goddesses. Life is unimaginable without them. Still, the humans rely heavily upon Maya as she helps them to be perceptible, & thus, access the reality.

As per the Hindu tradition, the goddess is considered the maiden-aspect of Kali. So, she is the Mahakali, who symbolizes the giver of perception.

Goddess Parvati

Goddess Parvati Uma, Lalitha, Gowri, Shivakamini, Aparna Parvati is a Hindu goddess who is the wife of Lord Shiva and the divine mother of Lord Ganesh and Lord Murugan as per the hindu mythology. She is also believed to be the divine sister of Lord Vishnu. According to the Shakthi philosophy, she is the divine, the supreme Lord. She has been either represented as Shakti or Durga, albeit the gentle aspect of that goddess.

There are numerous forms of Parvati which include Uma, Lalitha, Gowri, Shivakamini, Aparna, the maternal epithet Mataji, and many hundreds of others.

The goddess name is a Sanskrit word which means "mountain". She was the daughter of Himavan, lord of the mountains and the apsara Mena. Considered as the second spouse of Shiva, the Hindu God of destruction and rejuvenation, she is no different from Dakshayani, the former consort of Shiva. It is believed that Parvati was her reincarnated form.

Parvati is the maiden form of Kali. She is the ultimate power whose hues richness is reflected through her divine attire & her jewels. Her inevitable connection with life & death, transformation & cause & effect are all reflected through the karmic golden wheel.


Goddess Prajnaparamita

Goddess Prajnaparamita Prajnaparamita, the famous Buddhist goddess, is the most vital of all deities. She is the personification of the book of supreme, absolute wisdom. In the Mahayana tradition, the goddess signifies femininity. The text states the fundamentals of Mahayana Buddhism where she has been described as Sarva-buddha-matri, "Mother of All Buddhas". She is even considered as the female Buddha. While the offsprings are the surrounding Buddhas.

Identified as the Prajnaparamita book and a vajra, which is a complex symbol of the Buddhist universality, the goddess is always shown sitting in a lotus position. Supposed to be the goddess of Transcendental Wisdom, she symbolizes the feminine version of the supreme Buddha.

Goddess Saraswati

Goddess Saraswati Saraswati is the Hindu Goddess of learning and the arts. She is the daughter of Lord Shiva and Goddess Durga. Goddess Saraswati is first referred to in literature as the personification of the sacred river, the Saraswati, also known as Sarasvati, and is also identified with Vac, the goddess of speech. In later Hinduism Saraswati is usually considered the consort of the God Brahma (the promulgator of the Veda), but she enjoys an autonomous position as the patroness of art, music and letters.

It is believed that Goddess Saraswati endows human beings with the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. The goddess has four hands representing four aspects of human personality in learning; mind, intellect, alertness and ego. The goddess has sacred scriptures in one hand, a lotus in the second hand, which is a symbol of true knowledge. With her other two hands, the goddess plays the music of love and life on a string instrument called Veena (violoin). Goddess Saraswati is dressed in white, which symbolizes purity and rides on a white swan that symbolises Sattwa Guna (purity) and discrimination.

Goddess Saraswati is annually worshiped with great enthusiasm by Hindu students and teachers alike at the advent of spring, when the Hindu year occurs in January-February.

The idols of Goddess Saraswati are usually crafted in the following materials :
  • Brass
  • Wood
  • Stone

The height and weight of these idols depends on the material used for making them.


Goddess Sita

Goddess Sita Sita, as described by the Rig Veda, was the wife of Rama who was the seventh avatara of Vishnu. She is considered to be the avtaar of Lakshmi on Earth. The goddess is the main protagonist of the epic "Ramayana". The goddess had the appellations of Bhumija, Dharanisuta, and Parthivi, all connoting 'daughter of the earth'. Sita was the daughter of Bhumidevi & adopted by Janaka, the king of Mithila. Accordingl, she is known by many names. Such as Janaki, Mythili or Maithili, Ramaa & Vaidehi.

As per the mythological concept, Sita was discovered in a furrow in a ploughed field by King Janaka. She later got married to Rama, the prince of Ayodhya.

Sita strongly emphasizes the feminine power & that was pretty evident through her every action, reaction in her long and arduous life. She is seen as a symbol of power by every female.

Manasa Devi

Manasa Devi Manasa is the goddess of naga and fertility. She fulfills the wishes & protects one against snakebite. Associated with the earth and higher knowledge, she is worshiped mostly in eastern India. Goddess Manasa was the daughter of sage Kasyapa and Kadru, the sister of the serpent-king Sesha. She has the power as well to cure infectious diseases & shower one with wealth and prosperity. She is ritually worshiped with sacrifices offered to her during rainy season, since, the snakes are most active in this season. Sometimes, she is supposed to be a pre-Aryan goddess.

Legend has that Manasa even requested her father, Lord Shiva, to include her in the pantheon, so that she is worshipped by humans. Shiva responded to it that if Chand (of Anga kingdom) agrees to worship her, then her wish would be fulfilled. After a lot of tedious trial, Chand finally agreed to worship her with his left hand. And, thus, Manasa is the only Hindu goddess who till date is worshiped by the left hand.

Manasa Devi's well known temples can be found in Haridwar and Chandigarh.

Samshana Kali

Samshana Kali Samshana Kali is the mother who dwells there with immaterial spirits. She is the fiercest & darkest form of Kali. She is known for her unrestrained, wilderness & terrifying characteristics. Her frightening look has the capacity to give heartaches even to the most strongest of men.

Usually, the 'Kali of the Cremation Grounds' is depicted in deep blue color where the goddess is shown with one face, three eyes, and four arms. Metaphorically, her strikingly midnight blue complexion signifies her immutable & indestructible nature. Her nature is such that she is beyond all concepts & qualities. She has the same characteristics of goddess Kali. The 'warrior' nature can never be separated from her person.

The goddess worshiped as the 'Goddess of the Dead'. She is popularly served by dakinis. She is seen as the female acolytes whose role is to arrange the funerals.

Shakti Devi

Shakti Devi Shakti means force, power or energy in Hinduism & she personifies the female aspect of God. She is even referred as 'The Divine Mother'. The goddess symbolizes the active, dynamic principles of feminine power. As per Shaktism, she is as the Supreme Being. There is a counter view as well in other Hindu traditions where she has been depicted embodying the active energy and power of male deities such as Vishnu in Vaishnavism or Shiva in Shaivism. As we all know that Vishnu's shakti counterpart is Lakshmi, with Parvati being the female shakti of Shiva.

Shakti denotes the eternal and Supreme Power who manifests energy, and substance of everything, and all-pervading. She is connected with & identical to the power of the gods. She, like other goddesses, is the source of the universe. She even represents the violent aspects of Durgha & Kali as well the creative aspects of Shiva.

According to Tantrism philosophy, the Shakti defines the unity of opposites.

Tara Devi

Tara Devi Goddess Tara or Arya Tara, is a female Bodhisattva associated with Tibetan Buddhism. Considered as the "mother of liberation", she represents the virtues of success in work and achievements. She is seen as Mahatara, Great Tara, who is the supreme creator and mother of all the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas.

As per the Hindu Mythology, Tara is the Feminine Goddess Archetype who governs the Underworld, the Earth and the Heavens, birth, death and regeneration, love and war, the seasons, all that lives and grows, the Moon cycles - Luna - feminine - creation. She is a gorgeous looking deity whose favorite animals are the sow, mare, owl and raven. Considered as one of the most popular figure in the Tibetan pantheon of deities, the name connotes 'Star'. She is one of the eight major aspects of the Divine Feminine Principle according to the Hindu scriptures. She is seen as a benevolent goddess. She is common in Buddhism, Jainism, and particularly, Tibetan Lamaism as well. She manifests asceticism, mysticism, & a protector of humanity.

Tara is known by names like Green Tara, White Tara, Red Tara, Black Tara, Yellow Tara, Blue Tara & Cittamani Tara.

Uma Devi

Uma Devi Uma, is considered as the goddess of 'light' or the Lady of the Mountains. She is an ancient Mountain-goddess who imparts the vital virtue of balance to humanity. She has always been depicted as a beauty with benign power. Often she is known by Parvati, Ambika, Annapurna, Bhairavi, Candi, Gauri, Durga, Jagadmatai, Kali, Kanyakumari, Kumari, Mahadevi & Syama or Shiva's consort. She is seen as a divinity in her own right.

The goddess is the ferocious form of Durga according to the Hindu scriptures. She has been given the tag of a mediator as she would always resolve the conflicts of heaven. The daughter of Himavat, the God of the Great Himalayan Mountains and the heavenly nymph Mena, she is also the sister of the sacred river Ganga.

Bengal is mainly considered as the center of goddess Uma's cult.