Ram is the 7th incarnation of Vishnu and the central figure of the
Ramayana epic. The Ramayan is the very soul of India. It is a complete
guide to God-realization, the path to which lies in righteousness. The
ideals of man are beautifully portrayed in it. Everyone should emulate
those ideals and grow into ideal human beings and ideal citizens.
Ram took birth to free the earth from the cruelty and sins of the
demon King Ravana (Ravan). Ravana had practiced austerities in order to
propitiate Shiva and Brahma, who had granted him immunity from being
killed by gods, gandharvas or demons. One of the gods had to take on a
human form in order to be able to defeat Ravana.
Ram was born as the first son of Dasharatha, king of Ayodhya. Ram's
mother was Kausilya. Ram had three brothers : Bharata (Bharat) born from
the second wife Kaikeyi, and Lakshmana (Lakshman) and Shatrughna born
from the third wife Sumitra.
One day Saint Vishwamitra visited Ayodhya and asked Dashratha to send
Ram and Lakshmana with him because the Yakshini (demon) Tarka - with her
two sons Mareech and Subahu - were terrifying him and the other saints
at his ashram. They were not letting them worship and meditate. Ram went
with Lakshmana and Vishwamitra to kill Tarka. On the way to Saint
Vishwamitra's ashram there was a dense forest. When they entered the
forest Tarka came to kill them but Ram killed her and her son Subahu
with a weapon given to him by Vishwamitra. Ram also shot an arrow at
Mareech and threw him 100 yojan far away.
Later Ram went with Saint Vishwamitr to Mithila where the wise King
Janak ruled. King Janak had organized a svayamvaraa (an acient custom
wherein the bride chose her husband of her own accord from amongst a
number of suitors). It was announced that whosoever will bend the bow of
Lord Shiva will marry King Janak's daughter Sita. Sita was an
incarnation of Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu. But none of the
suitors was able to lift Lord Shiva's bow, except Ram. Ram lifted the
bow with his one hand and bended it so hard that it even broke.
So Ram got married to Sita, and his brothers got happily married to
Sita's sisters. After returning and living happily in Ayodhya the old
King Dashrath decided that it was time to give his kingdom to his
beloved son Ram. There Kaikeyi, the third and youngest wife of the King,
claimed the throne for her son Bharat. A long time before the young
Queen had saved the King's life and he had promised to fulfill her two
wishes. Manthara, the crooked and evil-minded maid-servant of Kaikeyi
influenced the queen to claim her wishes now in favor of her son and to
request Dashrath to banish Ram from the kingdom for fourteen years, and
to install Bharat on the throne instead. The King was shocked, his heart
was broken, but he knew that truth is the highest Dharm, and that he had
to fulfill his promise to his wife. So Ram went to exile happily,
knowing that to obey and serve his father was the highest duty of a son.
After Ram left to the forest, Dashrath died from the pangs of
separation from his beloved son Ram. Bharat went to the forest to meet
his brother Ram and to request him to come back to Ayodhya. When Ram
refused to return, in honor of the promise to his father, Bharat took
Ram's "khadau" (wooden sandals) and placed them symbolically on
Ayodhya's throne. Until his brother returned from the exile Bharat
served the kingdom as a true and honest caretaker of Ram.
Once Surpnakha, the sister of Ravana, passed by the place where Ram
was living. She saw Ram and became impressed by his beauty. She
transformed herself into a beautiful lady and went to Ram and asked him
to marry her. When Ram refused and told her he is already married to
Sita, she became angry. Coming back to her original form she ran towards
Sita to kill her. When Lakshman saw that he cut her nose and one ear.
Surpnakha then send her brother Khardushan with fourteen thousand
rakshasas to avenge her. But all were killed by Ram.
Surpnakha now sought vengeance through her older brother Ravana, but
only got his interest by pointing out that the beautiful Sita would be a
fitting wife for him. Ravana lured Ram and Lakshman away from Sita by
sending an enchanted deer of extreme beauty and then took Sita to his
kingdom of Lanka. On the way, Jatayu, a vulture bird and old friend of
Ram's father Dashrath, fought Ravan but was fatally wounded. He lived
only long enough to tell Ram what had happened upon his return.
In Lanka, Ravana tried to threathen Sita into marrying him, but was
rejected again and again. Meanwhile, Ram made an alliance with the
monkey King Sugreeva, who had been exiled from his kingdom by his
brother Bali. Ram helped Sugreeva to regain his kingdom and in return
Sugreeva raised an army of monkeys and bears, led by Hanuman. When they
reached the sea, Hanuman flew across. On the way he had many adventures,
which can be found on the Hanuman page.
In Lanka, Hanuman promised Sita that help would come soon. When he
was then captured by the rakshasas, Ravana ordered them to set fire to
Hanuman's tail, wrapping it with oily rags. But Hanuman increased the
length of his tail so much that there seemed no end to it. He escaped
and used his burning tail to set fire to all of Lanka.
Meanwhile, Ram's army had build a huge bridge between Lanka and the
mainland. They crossed the ocean and attacked Ravana's army. During the
battle, Lakshmana was heavily wounded, but he was cured by a magic herb
which Hanuman flew all the way to the Himalayas to obtain. Not finding
the herb at first, Hanuman brought the entire mountain just to be sure.
Finally, all rakshasa generals were killed and the battle become a
single combat between Ravana and Ram. Finally, Ram killed Ravana with a
special weapon given to him by saint Agastya.
This was a moment of great rejoicing. Ram and Sita were finally
crowned King and Queen of Ayodhya, though people were doubting that Sita
had preserved her virtue while being Ravana's captive, which is another
story in itself.