Ganesh Chaturthi festival is celebrated among Indians all over the
world as the birthday of “the Lord Ganesha”. According to Hindu
Mythology, on this day Lord Ganesh ascended on earth for his followers.
Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated with much deity and joy among the
devotees of Ganesha. This festival lasts for 10-11 days and the
celebrations are marked by large religious processions, social
gatherings, preparations of delicious sweets & dishes and organizing
Ganesha poojas in Ganesh Temples.
The festivity of Ganesh Chaturathi equally spreads all over India but
Maharashtra, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh becomes the centre of attraction
for grand celebrations.
Lord Ganesha is known in 108 different names like ‘Ganpati’, ‘Dayawant’,
‘Lambodar’ and Vighnahartaa, the Lord of destroyer of obstacles. Being
most significant among the Gods of Hindus, Lord Ganesh is worshipped
widely as the God of wisdom, fine arts and good fortune.
When is Ganesh Chaturthi
Birthday of Lord Ganesha, son of God Shiva and Goddess Parvati, comes on
the fourth (Chaturthi) day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of
Bhadrapad month (August-September) according to Hindu Calendar.
In year 2008, Ganesh Chaturthi festival will be celebrated on Wednesday,
Celebrations of Ganesh Chaturathi
the Ganesha Chaturthi festival falls in the month of Bhado
(August-September) but the preparations for the celebrations starts well
in advance. Beautiful idols of Lord Ganesha, small and large, are made.
The spirituality and enthusiasm dominates the entire atmosphere.
Ganesh Puja : On the festive day these idols are placed in the house
holds and public mandaps. Then the ritual of the Pranapratishhtha Pooja
is performed to invoke the holy presence of Lord Ganesha into the idol
followed by the worship with sixteen modes of showing honor, known as
Shhodashopachara. Offering of Durva (grass) blades and modaka, a
delicacy prepared from rice flour, jaggery, and coconut, is an important
part of the Ganesha Chaturthi puja. Ganesha is also offered red flowers,
and anointed with a red chandan.
For next 10 days, the Ganesha temples, each house hold and large mandaps
are swayed away by the name of their most loved God Ganesha. On 11th
day, the procession ceremony of the immersion of the image/idol in a
water body is performed to see-off the lord and praying him to take away
all misfortunes and come again next year.
Story of Ganesha Chaturthi
According to Hindu mythological scriptures Lord Ganesha was formed by
Goddess Parvati, wife of Lord Shiva. It is said that one day Parvati
formed a sculpture from the paste that she used on her body before
taking bath. She infused life in that figure and ordered him to guard
the entrance of her bathroom. God Shiva returned and stopped at the
entrance of his house by that boy. In extreme rage Shiva struck off the
boy’s head. This incident filled Parvati in utter grief and requested
Shiva to return her son. Then Shiva fixed the head of an elephant and
restored life onto the body of that boy. Lord Shiva named this boy as
‘Ganpati’ Gan means (hosts) & Pati means (Chief) and blessed that
Ganpati would be worshipped before every new venture.
The procession to immerse Ganesha idols/images on Ganesh Chaturthi finds
its links with Indian Freedom Struggle. Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak
started Ganpati Visarjan procession in 1893 and used it as a platform to
penetrate awareness about the freedom movement among the mass of India.
Significance of Ganesh Chaturthi
"Vakratunda Mahakaya Suryakoti Samaprabha, Nirvighnam Kuru Me Deva
"O Ganesha - Ganapati, One with a curved trunk, a large body, and a
brilliance equal to a crore suns! O God, please make all my undertakings
free from obstacles always."
Ganesha, the lord with elephant head riding on a mouse, is mostly loved
God of Hindus worshipped for success (Sidhi) in undertakings, and
intelligence (budhi). Ganpati is praised before any venture is started
and known as the God of education, knowledge and wisdom, literature, and
the fine arts.
Ganesh Chaturthi holds utmost significance among the followers of Lord
Ganesha. Lots of preparations are made to celebrate this auspicious
occasion : large public processions, pooja ceremonies, social get
together, erection of giant size mandpas and special religious
ceremonies are organized. Apart from a big occasion, Ganesh Chaturthi
has also become a very important financial activity. Thousands of
artists & small and medium industries eagrly waits for this mega