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Hindu Goddesses

As per the Hindu religion, the Supreme Being contains both masculine and feminine traits. The female part is as important as the male part. One has to consider the feminine aspect of the divine, in order to know the ultimate truth. It is believed that all goddesses of the Hindu pantheon are special forms of the divine mother- Shakti. To recognize the feminine aspect, it is necessary to restore wholeness, completeness and universality.

There are many goddesses and local deities in the Hindu mythology. Here we will discuss some of the popular Hindu goddesses (forms of Shakti).

Maa KaliGoddess Durga (Mother)
Durga symbolizes the power of the Supreme Being that maintains moral order and righteousness in the universe. Worship of the goddess Shakti is very popular among the Hindu people. Durga stands for the unified symbol of all divine forces (Shaktis).

Goddess Lakshmi
Lakshmi is the auspicious goddess of wealth and fortune, whether it is material or spiritual. The word ''Lakshmi'' has been derived from the Sanskrit word Lakshay, meaning "aim" or ''goal''. Goddess Lakshmi suggests the aim of life, which includes all worldly and spiritual success.

Goddess Saraswati
Saraswati Devi is the Goddess of arts, music, knowledge, and wisdom. Saraswati is considered as the divine consort of Lord Brahma, the Creator of the universe in the Hindu Religion.

Goddess Kali
Kali is one of the many forms of Shakti. Maha Kaali is the fiercest of all goddesses of Hinduism. The word Kali has its roots in the Sanskrit word "Kaal" which means time. And nothing escapes from time. Goddess Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of death.

Goddess Parvati
Parvati is a well known goddess in the Hindu mythology. Goddess Parvati is the divine consort of Lord Shiva, the trinity god. Parvati is also considered as a representation of Shakti or Durga, but the gentle aspect of that goddess not the fierce one.

Ganga
The River Goddess Ganga / Ganges is considered as the most sacred river of the Hindu Mythology. River Ganges is very much popular in India and is worshipped as a goddess. Ganga is the most revered river in the world.

Radha
Goddess Radha is a well-known personality in Hindu Mythology. She is also known as Srimati Radharani in the northern part of India. Radha is usually depicted with her paramour Krishna.

Sita
Sita is the consort of Lord Rama, the seventh avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Sita is the one of the most popular goddesses of Indian History. Devi Sita is regarded as the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi, the divine consort of Lord Vishnu.

 

Durga

Characteristics :

Strength, Morality, Power, Protector

Other Names :

Jagdamba, Shakti, Bhagwati, Devi, Maa

Weapon :

Trident, Chakra, Snake, Conch shell, Mace, Bow, Long sword, Thunderbolt

Abode :

Trikoota Mountain

Vehicle (Vahana) :

Lion

Mula Mantra :

Om Sri Durgaya Namah

Durga Gayatri Mantra:

Aum Girijaye Cha Vidmahe
Shiva Priyaye Cha Dheemahi
Tanno Durga Prachodayat

Durga
Maa (Mother) Durga symbolizes the power of the Supreme Being that maintains moral order and righteousness in the universe. Worship of the goddess Shakti is very popular among the Hindus. Durga stands for the unified symbol of all divine forces (Shaktis). Goddess Durga is the divine mother, who protects people from evil forces of selfishness, jealousy, hatred, anger and ego. Mother's love and her kindness towards her child, is the best example of pure love in this whole universe.

Likewise, the love of Maa Bhagwati (Durga) towards her devotee (Child) is pure and serene. Maa (Mother) never asks for a favour from her child. She pours her kindness and warmth on the child without desiring anything in return. The love of Jagdamba is like a free flowing river. Durga loves her each and every devotee (Child) without any discrimination.

Hindu Goddess DurgaOrigin of Goddess
Durga It is believed that once the existence of the universe was under a threat by Mahishasura (the demon). The Gods pleaded Shiva to protect their world from the evil forces. Lord Shiva asked the three goddesses, Saraswati, Maa Kali and Maa Lakshami to release their powers (shaktis). The Power emerged in a female form. The Divine light emerged and a goddess of exceptional power appeared with many arms. She was beautiful as well as ferocious.

Durga was an extremely gorgeous girl with full of rage. The gods named her Durga, the invincible one and they furnished her with all their arms. Durga rode on a lion to the top of a mountain. In a violent battle, she killed Mahishasura and thus, saved the world from the demon's threat.

Durga - The Image
The word Durga has been derived from Sanskrit language which means a fort or a place that is difficult to reach. In the Images, Shakti is visible in the female form, wearing red clothes. Goddess has eighteen arms, carrying many items in her hands. The red color symbolizes fierceness and it suggests that goddess destroys evil and protects people from pain and misery caused by evil forces. Durga riding a tiger shows that she holds infinite power and uses it to save virtue and destroy evil. The eighteen arms holding weapons signify the unattainable energy that Maa Durga possesses. Different weapons suggest the idea that she can face any evil force without consideration.

 

Durga Chalisa

Shri Durga Chalisa is a "forty verse" prayer. These verses are usually recited or chanted by groups. The acts and deeds of Sri Durga are recalled in these verses to aid the devotee to meditate on virtuous and noble qualities.


 

Durga Chalisa


Namo Namo Durge Sukh Karani, Namo Namo Ambe Dukh Harani
Nirakar Hai Jyoti Tumhari, Tihoun Lok Phaili Uujiyaari

Shashi Lalaat Mukh Maha Vishala, Netra Lal Bhrikoutee Vikaraala
Roop Maatu Ko Adhik Suhaave, Darshan Karata Jana Ati Sukh Paave

Tum Sansar Shakti Laya Keena, Palana Hetu Anna Dhan Deena
Annapoorna Hui Tu Jag Pala, Tumhi Aadi Sundari Bala

Pralayakala Sab Nashana Haari, Tum Gouri Shiv Shankar Pyari
Shiv Yogi Tumhre Gun Gaavein, Brahma Vishnu Tumhein Nit Dhyavein

Roop Saraswati Ka Tum Dhara, Day Subuddhi Rishi Munina Ubara
Dharyo Roop Narsimha Ko Amba, Pragat Bhayi Phaad Ke Khamba

Raksha Kari Prahlad Bachaayo, Hiranyaykush Ko Swarga Pathayo
Lakshmi Roop Dharo Jag Maahin, Shree Narayan Anga Samahin

Ksheer Sindhu Mein Karat Vilaasa, Daya Sindhu Deejey Man Aasa
Hingalaja Mein Tumhi Bhavani, Mahima Amit Na Jaat Bakhani

Matangi Aru Dhoomawati Mata, Bhuvaneshwari Bagala Sukhdata
Shree Bhairav Tara Jag Tarani, Chhinna Bhala Bhava Dukh Nivarini

Kehari Vahan Soha Bhavani, Laangur Veer Chalata Agavani
Kar Mein Khappar Khadaga Virajay, Jako Dekh Kaal Dar Bhajey

Sohe Astra Aur Trishula, Jase Uthata Shatru Hiya Shoola
Nagarkot Mein Toumhi Virajat, Tihoun Lok Mein Danka Baajat

Nagarkot Mein Toumhi Virajat, Tihoun Lok Mein Danka Baajat Shumbh
Nishumbh Daanuv Tum Maare, Rakta Beej Shankhana Sanghaare

Mahishasur Nrip Ati Abhimaani, Jehi Agh Bhar Mahi Akulaani
Roop Karaal Kali ka Dhara, Sen Sahita Tum Tihin Samhara

Pari Gaarh Santana Par Jab Jab, Bhayi Sahay Matou Tum Tab Tab
Amarpuri Arubaa Sab Lokaa, Tab Mahima Sab Kahey Ashoka

Jwala Mein Hai Jyoti Tumhari, Tumhein Sada Poojey Nar Nari
Prem Bhakti Se Jo Yash Gave, Dukh Daridra Nikat Nahin Aave

Dhyaave Tumhein Jo Nar Man Layi, Janma Maran Tako Chhouti Jaayi
Yogi Sur Muni Kahat Pukaari, Yog Na Hoye Bina Shakti Tumhari

Shankara Acharaj Tap Ati Keenho, Kaam Krodh Jeet Sab Leenho
Nishidin Dhyan Dharo Shankar Ko, Kaahu Kaal Nahin Soumiro Tumko

Shakti Roop Ko Maram Na Payo, Shakti Gayi Tab Man Pachitayo
Sharnagat Huyi Kirti Bakhaani, Jai Jai Jai Jagadambe Bhavani

Bhayi Prasanna Aadi Jagadamba, Dayi Shakti Nahin Keen Vilamba
Maukon Maatu Kashta Ati Ghero, Tum Bin Kaun Harey Dukh Mero

Asha Trishna Nipat Satavein, Ripu Moorakh Mohe Ati Darpaave
Shatru Nash Kijey Maharani, Soumiron Ikchit Tumhein Bhavani

Karo Kripa Hey Maatu Dayala, Riddhi Siddhi Dey Karahou Nihaala
Jab Lagi Jiyoun Daya Phal Paoun, Tumhro Yash Mein Sada Sounaoun

Durga Chalisa Jo Nar Gaavey, Sab Sukh Bhog Parampad Pavey
Devidas Sharan Nij Jaani, Karahoun Kripa Jagadambe Bhavani

Different Names of Durga

Goddess Durga is the embodiment of the divine force of the Almighty. The word Durga, in Sanskrit means "the invincible". Durga Devi represents power, strength, morality and protection. Maa Durga is the destroyer of sin and protector of morality. Goddess Durga is also known as Shakti (Power). Durga came into being, when Maha lakshmi, Maha Saraswati and Maha Kali assimilated their powers. So, Durga is the ultimate power. Durga is the mother, as well as the slayer of evils at the same time. Goddess Durga is known by 108 different names. It is believed that Maa Durga gets happy if, these names are spoken with a dedicated heart. So, recite these names of Durga and make her happy.


 

Names

Meanings

Sati

One who got burned alive

Saadhvi

The Sanguine

Bhavaprita

One who is loved by the universe

Bhavaani

The abode of the universe

Bhavamochani

The absolver of the universe

Aarya

Goddess

Durga

The Invincible

Jaya

The Victorious

Aadya

The Initial reality

Trinetra

One who has three-eyes

Shooldharini

One who holds a monodent

Pinaakadharini

One who holds the trident of Shiva

Chitra

The Picturesque

Chandaghanta

One who has mighty bells

Mahatapa

With severe penance

Manah

Mind

Buddhi

Intelligence

Ahankaara

One with Pride

Chittarupa

One who is in thought-state

Chita

Death-bed

Chiti

The thinking mind

Sarvamantramayi

One who possess all the instruments of thought

Satta

One who is above all

Satyanandasvarupini

Form of Eternal bliss

Ananta

One who is Infinite or beyond measure

Bhaavini

The Beautiful Woman

Bhaavya

Represents Future

Bhavya

With Magnificence

Abhavya

Improper or fear-causing

Sadagati

Always in motion, bestowing Moksha (salvation)

Shaambhavi

Consort of Shambhu

Devamata

Mother Goddess

Chinta

Tension

Ratnapriya

Adorned or loved by jewels

Sarvavidya

Knowledgeable

Dakshakanya

Daughter of Daksha

Dakshayaj˝avinaashini

Interrupter of the sacrifice of Daksha

Aparna

One who doesnt eat even leaves while fasting

Anekavarna

One who has many complexions

Paatala

Red in color

Paatalavati

Wearing red-color attire

Pattaambaraparidhaana

Wearing a dress made of leather

Kalamanjiiraranjini

Wearing a musical anklet

Ameyaa

One who is beyond measure

Vikrama

Violent

Krrooraa

Brutal (on demons)

Sundari

The Gorgeous

Sursundari

Extremely Beautiful

Vandurga

Goddess of forests

Maatangi

Goddess of Matanga

Matangamunipujita

Worshipped by Sage Matanga

Braahmi

Power of God Brahma

Maaheshvari

Power of Lord Mahesha (Shiva)

Aeindri

Power of God Indra

Kaumaari

The adolescent

Vaishnavi

The invincible

Chaamunda

Slayer of Chanda and Munda(demons)

Vaarahi

One who rides on Varaah

Lakshmi

Goddess of Wealth

Purushaakriti

One who takes the form of a man

Vimalauttkarshini

One who provides joy

Gyaana

Full of Knowledge

Kriya

One who is in action

Nitya

The eternal one

Buddhida

The bestower of wisdom

Bahula

One who is in various forms

Bahulaprema

One who is loved by all

Sarvavahanavahana

One who rides all vehicles

NishumbhaShumbhaHanani

Slayer of the demon-brothers Shumbha Nishumbha

MahishasuraMardini

Slayer of the bull-demon Mahishaasura

MadhuKaitabhaHantri

Slayer of the demon-duo Madhu and Kaitabha

ChandaMundaVinashini

Destroyer of the ferocious asuras Chanda and Munda

Sarvasuravinasha

Destroyer of all demons

Sarvadaanavaghaatini

Possessing the power to kill all the demons

Sarvashaastramayi

One who is deft in all theories

Satya

The truth

Sarvaastradhaarini

Possessor of all the missile weapons

Anekashastrahasta

Possessor of many hand weapons

AnekastraDhaarini

Possessor of many missile weapons

Komaari

The beautiful adolescent

Ekakanya

The girl child

Kaishori

The adolescent

Yuvati

The Woman

Yati

Ascetic, one who renounces the world

Apraudha

One who never gets old

Praudha

One who is old

Vriddhamaata

The old mother (loosely)

Balaprada

The bestower of strength

Mahodari

One who has huge belly which stores the universe

Muktakesha

One who has open tresses

Ghorarupa

Having a fierce outlook

Mahaabala

Having immense strength

Agnijwaala

One who is poignant like fire

Raudramukhi

One who has a fierce face like destroyer Rudra

Kaalaratri

Goddess who is black like night

Tapasvini

one who is engaged in penance

Narayani

The destructive aspect of Lord Narayana (Brahma)

Bhadrakaali

Fierce form of Kali

Vishnumaya

Spell of Lord Vishnu

Jalodari

Abode of the ethereal universe

Shivadooti

Ambassador of Lord Shiva

Karaali

The Violent

Ananta

The Infinite

Parameshvari

The Ultimate Goddess

Katyayani

One who is worshipped by sage Katyanan

Savitri

Daughter of the Sun God Savitr

Pratyaksha

One who is real

Brahmavaadini

One who is present everywhere

Lakshmi

Characteristics :

Wealth, Fortune, Courage and Fertility

Other Names :

Padma, Bhargavi, Sridevi, Aiswarya

Famous Prayers :

Sri Lakshmi Stuti, Sri Sukta, Agasti Lakshmi Strota

Consort :

Lord Vishnu

Vehicle (Vahana) :

Owl (Ulooka)

Mula Mantra :

Om Sri Maha Lakshmyai Namah

Goddess Lakshmi
Lakshmi is the auspicious goddess of wealth and fortune, whether it is material or spiritual. The word ''Lakshmi'' has been derived from the Sanskrit word Lakshay, meaning "aim" or ''goal''. Goddess Lakshmi suggests the aim of life, which includes all worldly and spiritual success. Lakshmi is the divine consort of Lord Vishnu and provides him with wealth for the maintenance and preservation of the creation. Sometimes, Maha Lakshmi is also known as ''Laxmi''.

Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth, luxury, fertility, fortune, purity, beauty, power, generosity and auspiciousness. She is claimed to fulfill the promises of material, wealth and contentment.

Goddess LaxmiLakshmi and her association with "Shri''
According to the Hindu mythology, the sacred name of Lakshmi is ''Shri''. Whether in written or verbal form, ''Shri'' always suggests presence of goddess Lakshmi in it. ''Shri'' is written at the top of most of the documents. It is usually spoken before addressing a god, or any revered individual. The usage of ''Shri'' itself evokes grace, affluence, abundance, authority and auspiciousness. The word ''Shri'' is spoken or written, an aura of holiness is established. Sri is associated with the material side of life, just like the word ''Om'' is associated with the spiritual side of life.

Goddess Lakshmi - The Image
Generally, Lakshmi is portrayed as a beautiful lady with golden complexion, dressed in red color attire and adorned with precious jewels. Lakshmi has four hands representing the four ends of human life, Kama (desires), Artha (wealth), and Moksha (liberation) from the cycle of birth and death. She holds lotus bud in two of her hands, which stands for beauty, purity, spirituality and fertility. She sits on a fully blossomed lotus, a seat of divine truth.

Cascades of gold coins are seen flowing from her hands, illustrating that she blesses people with wealth. The constant effort of two elephants is often shown standing next to the goddess and spraying water. It denotes that, in accordance with one's dharma when governed by wisdom and purity, leads to both material and spiritual prosperity. The personal charm of Lakshmi is considered par excellence. An aura of divine happiness, mental and spiritual satisfaction, and prosperity always exists around her.

Belief Regarding Goddess Lakshmi
It is believed that Lakshmi resides in a place where virtue, righteous- ness, truth and compassion prevail. Goddess Lakshmi is considered to stay at a clean place. Wealth is required to meet the basic needs of life. People worship Lakshmi for the well being and prosperity of the family.
On the auspicious night of Diwali, Hindus worship Lakshmi ceremonially at home, pray for her blessings. It is believed that on this night the goddess herself visits the homes and replenishes the inhabitants with wealth.

Lakshmi Chalisa

Lakshmi Chalisa is a forty verse prayer dedicated to Maha Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Shri Laxmi Chalisa is believed to have been composed by Sundardasa. Verses are usually dedicated to praise the goddess. The acts and deeds of Goddess Lakshmi are recalled in these verses to aid the devotee to meditate on virtuous and noble qualities.


 

Lakshmi Chalisa

II Doha II
Maatu Lakshmi Kari Kripaa, Karahu Hriday Mein Vaas I
Manokaamanaa Siddh Kari, Puravahu Jan kii Aas I I


 

II Chauratha II
Sindhusutaa Main Sumiron Tohii, Jnaan Buddhi Vidyaa Dehu Mohii I
Tum Samaan Nahiin Kou Upakaarii, Sab Vidhi Prabhu Aas Hamaarii II


 

II Chaupaai II
Jai Jai Jagat Janani Jagadambaa, Sab Kii Tumahii Ho Avalambaa
Tumahii Ho Ghat Ghat Kii Vaasii, Bintii Yahii Hamarii Khaasii

Jagajananii Jay Sindhu Kumaarii, Diinan Kii Tum Ho Hitakaarii
Binavon Nitya Tumhe Mahaaraanii, Krapa Karo Jag Janani Bhavaanii

Kehi Vidhi Astuti Karon Tihaarii, Sudhi Lijain Aparaadh Bisaarin
Krapaadrasti Chitabahu Mam Orii, Jagat Janani Binatii Sunu Morii

Jnaan Buddhi Jay Sukh Kii Daataa, Sankat Harahu Hamaare Maataa
Kshiir Sindhu Jab Vishnumathaayo, Chaudah Ratn Sindhu Upajaayo

Tin Ratnan Manh Tum Sukhraasii, Sevaa Kiinh Banin Prabhudasi
Jab Jab Janam Jahaan Prabhu Liinhaa, Ruup Badal Tahan Sevaa Kiinhaa

Svayam Vishnu Jab Nar Tanu Dhaaraa, Liinheu Avadhapurii Avataaraa
Tab Tum Prakati Janakapur Manhin, Sevaa Kiinh Hraday Pulakaahii

Apanaavaa Tohi Antarayaamii, Vishvavidit Tribhuvan Ke Svaamii
Tum Samaprabal Shakti Nahi Aanii, Kahan Lagi Mahimaa Kahaun Bakhaanii

Man Kram Bachan Karai Sevakaaii, Manuvaanchhint Phal Sahajay Paaii
Taji Chhal Kapat Aur Chaturaai, Puujahi Vividh Bhaanti Man Lai

Aur Haal Main Kahahun Bujhaaii, Jo Yah Paath Karai Man Laaii
Taakahan Kouu Kast Na Hoii, Manavaanchhit Phal Paavay Soii

Traahimahi Jay Duhkh Nivaarini, Vividh Tap Bhav Bandhan HaariniZ
Jo Yah Parhen Aur Parhaavay, Dhyan Lagavay Sunay Sunavay

Taakon Kou Na Rog Sataavay, Putr Aadi Dhan Sampati Paavay
Putrahiin Dhan Sampati Hiinaa, Andh Vadhir Korhii Ati Diinaa

Vipr Bulaaii Ken Paath Karaavay, Shaankaa Man Mahan Tanik Na Laavay
Path Karaavay Din Chalisa, Taapar Krapaa Karahin Jagadiishaa

Sukh Sampatti Bahut Sii Paavay, Kamii Nanhin Kaahuu Kii Aavay
Baarah Maash Karen Jo Puujaa, Ta Sam Dhani Aur Nahin Duujaa

Pratidin Paath Karehi Man Manhii, Taasam Jagat Katahun Kou Naahiin
Bahuvidhi Kaa Men Karahun Baraaii, Lehu Pariikshaa Dhyaan Lagaaii

Kari Vishvaas Karay Brat Nemaa, Hoi Siddh Upajay Ati Prema
Jay Jay Jay Lakshmi Mahaaraanii, Sab Mahan Vyaapak Tum Gunkhaanii

Tumhro Tej Praval Jag Maannhin, Tum Sam Kou Dayaalu Kahun Naahiin
Mo Anaath Kii Sudhi Ab Lijay, Sannkat Kaati Bhakti Bar Dijay

Bhuulchuuk Karu Chhimaa Hamaarii, Darasan Dijay Dasaa Nihaarii
Binu Darasan Byaakul Ati Bhaarii, Tumhinn Akshat Paavat Dukh Bhaarii

Nahinn Mohi Jnaan Buddhi Hai Tan Mann, Sab Jaanat Tum Apane Man Men
Roop Chaturbhuj Kari Nij Dhaaran, Kasht Mor Ab Karahu Nivaaran

Kehi Prakaar Mein Karahun Baraaii, Jnaan Buddhi Mohin Nahin Adhikaaii
Uthi Kainn Praatakaray Asanaanaa, Jo Kachu Banay Karay So Daanaa

Ashtami Ko Brat Karay Ju Praanii, Harashi Hraday Puujahi Mahaaraanii
Solah Din Puujaa Vidhi Karahii, Aashvin Krishn Jo Ashtamii Parahii

Takar Sab Chhuutain Dukh Daavaa, So Jan Sukh Sampati Niet Paavaa


 

II Doha II
Traahi Traahi Dukh Haarini, Harahu Begi Sab Traas I
Jayati Jayati Jai Lakshmi, Karahu Shatru Ko Naas II
Raamadaas Dhari Dhyaan Nit, Vinay Karat Kar Jor I
Maatu Lakshmiidas Pay, Karahu Krapaa Kii Kor II

Different Names of Lakshmi

Lakshmi is the goddess of beauty, wealth and good fortune in the Hindu Mythology. Goddess Lakshmi is one of the most popular goddesses among the Hindus. Maha Lakshmi is the divine consort of Lord Vishnu and assists him with wealth for the maintenance of the universe. Lakshmi fulfills all the wishes of her sincere devotees. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped to attain wealth, beauty and good luck. A special worship of Goddess Lakshmi is sought on the night of Kartik Amavasya. Lakshmi Devi is known by many names. Chanting of different names of the goddess is considered as propitious. This list contains 108 names of Goddess Lakshmi with their meanings:


 

Name

Meaning

Prakruti

Natural World

Vikruti

Many-Sided Nature

Vidya

Knowledge

Sarvabhootahitaprada

Provider of Universal Facts

Shraddha

Devotion

Vibhuti

Prosperity

Surabhi

Celestial Creature

Paramatmika

Omnipresent

Vachi

Eloquent Speaker

Padmalaya

Sitting on the Lotus

Padma

Lotus

Shuchi

Personification of Purity

Swaha

Shape of Swahadevi (Auspicious)

Swadha

Shape of Swadhadevi (Inauspicious)

Sudha

Amrut (Nectar)

Dhanya

Embodiment of Gratitude

Hiranmayi

Golden Appearance of Hirana (Dear)

Lakshmi

Goddess of Wealth and Fortune

NityaPushta

Gaining Strength Day By Day

Vibha

Radiant

Aditi

Bright like the Sun

Deetya

One who Answers the Prayers

Deepta

Flame-Like

Vasudha

The Earth

Vasudharini

Bearing burden of the Earth

Kamala

Lotus

Kantha

The Divine Consort of Vishnu

Kamakshi

One with Attractive Eyes

Kamalasambhava

Originating from the Lotus

Anugrahaprada

Granter of Good Wishes

Buddhi

Intelligence

Anagha

The Sinless

Navadurga

All Nine Forms of Durga

Harivallabhi

The Devine Consort of Lord Hari

Ashoka

Dispeller of Sorrows

Amrutha

One who is like Amrut (Nectar)

Deepa

With Radiance

Lakashokavinashini

Remover of Universal Agonies

Dharmanilaya

Creator of Eternal Law

Karuna

Kindhearted

Lokamatri

Mother of the Universe

Padmapriya

The Lover of Lotus

Padmahasta

Having Lotus-Like Hands

Padmakshya

Lotus-eyed

Padmasundari

Beautiful Like the Lotus

Padmodbhava

One Who Emerged Out of the Lotus

Padmamukhi

Lotus-Faced

Padmanabhapriya

Beloved of Padmanabha

Ramaa

Pleaser of the Lord

Padmamaladhara

The Wearer of Lotus Garland

Devi

The Goddess

Padmini

Lotus

Padmagandhini

Having the Aroma of Lotus

Punyagandha

Having Divine Scent

Suprasanna

Ever Glowing and Smiling

Prasadabhimukhi

Emerging to Grant Boons

Prabha

One who is Radiant like the Sun

Chandravadana

Having Moon like Face

Chanda

One who is cool like the Moon

Chandrasahodari

Sister of the Moon

Chaturbhuja

One having four arms

Chandrarupa

Moon-Faced

Indira

Radiant like the Sun

Indusheetala

One who is cool like the Moon

Ahladajanani

Source of Joy

Pushti

Healthy

Shiva

The Auspicious One

Shivakari

Source of all auspicious things

Satya

The Truthful

Vimala

Pure, Chaste

Vishwajanani

Mother of the Universe

Pushti Possesses

All Wealth

Daridriyanashini

One who removes poverty

Preeta Pushkarini

One with lovely eyes

Shanta

Peaceful

Shuklamalambara

Wearer of White Garland

Bhaskari

Radiant like the Sun

Bilvanilaya

One who lives under Bilva tree

Vararoha

Ready to Offer Boons

Yashaswini

The Famous

Vasundhara

Daughter of the Earth

Udaranga

Endowed with a Beautiful Body

Harini

Beautiful like Deer

Hemamalini

Having Golden Garlands

Dhanadhanyaki

Bestower of Wealth and Food grains

Siddhi

Ever Ready to Protect

Straina

Soumya Showering Goodness on Women

Shubhaprada

Granter of Auspicious Things

Nrupaveshvagathananda

Loves to Live in Palaces

Varalakshmi

Granter of Bounty

Vasuprada

Bestower of Wealth

Shubha

One who is auspicious

Hiranyapraka

Amidst Gold

Samudratanaya

Beloved Daughter of the Ocean of Milk

Jaya

The Goddess of Victory

Mangala

Most Auspicious

Devi

The Goddess

Vishnuvakshah

Residing in Vishnu's Chest

Vishnupatni

The Consort of Vishnu

Prasannakshi

With graceful eyes

Narayana

Samashrita One who sought Refuge in Narayana

Daridriya

Dhwamsini Destroyer of Poverty

Devi

The Goddess

Sarvapadravanivarini

Dispeller of all Distresses

Mahakali

A Form of Kali

Brahma-Vishnu-Shivatmika

Trinity of Brahma-Vishnu-Shiva

Trikala-dnyanasampanna

Aware of all, the Past, Present and Future

Bhuvaneshwarya

The Supreme Deity

Radha

Goddess Radha is a well-known deity in Hindu Mythology. She is also known as Radharani in the northern part of India. For her deep devotion towards Krishna, Radha is usually depicted with Krishna. Radha is sometimes considered as the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi, the consort of Lord Vishnu.

Radha- the Embodiment of Love
The love story of Radha-Krishna has become a legend in the Hindu mythology. The story is believed to have taken place in the Dwapar Yuga, when both of them took birth in this world. Radha was a cowherdess, who through her beauty and charm captivated the heart of Lord Krishna and became his beloved goddess. Lord Krishna is considered to be the incarnation of Lord Vishnu, whose birth was predestined.

RadhaKrishna took avatar in order to slay the demon king Kansa and to spread happiness. During his life, Krishna met Radha and they fell in love with each other. Krishna had a motive behind his life i.e. to kill Kansa and to fulfill this mission; he had to face many problems. But, Radha with her intense affection and steady devotion helped Krishna to overcome the problems.

Radha - Devotee of Krishna
Radha represents the true devotee, both in the form of male and female. And Lord Krishna represents the divine. Intense love of Radha for Krishna symbolizes each devotee's passionate longing for ultimate unification with God. With her utmost devotion towards her lord, she became the supreme devotee of Lord Krishna. Today people remember Radha-Krishna in a single term. However, Radha was not the consort of Lord Krishna, but their love had united them for ever. Radha is an inescapable part of Krishna. Without Radha, Krishna doesn't mean anything and without Krishna, Radha is nothing.

Radha - The Goddess
Radha has attained the status of goddess in the Hindu Religion. Radha's immense love and dedication towards lord Krishna got her this position, which she truly deserves. Radha is the heavenly queen of Krishna's celestial world. Today, Radha is worshipped like any other goddesses in temples.


 

Radha Gayatri Mantra
Aum Vrashbhanujaye Vidmahe
Krishnapriyaye Dheemahi
Tanno Radha Prachodayat

Radha Ashtami

Birthday of Radha is celebrated as Radhaashtami throughout the country and especially in the north, with full devotion and joy. Radha Ashtami is observed after 15 days of Janmashtami, which is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna. Radharani's birthday is the sacred eighth day of the month of Bhadrapada (August-September). Sri Radha was born in Barsana, suburb of Mathura and appeared as the daughter of Vrishabhanu and Kirti.

Celebration
On the day of Radhaashtami, devotees are allowed special sanctions which are not allowed generally. Like, Radharani's name is usually not chanted due to the possibility of committing faults towards her. Neither people are allowed to enter into Radha Kunda, or Radharani's Pond, which is considered holy. On the day of Radhastami, people wait until midnight in order to bathe there. People chant her names on the ''appearance day'' or birthday of Sri Radha. Radharani is believed to ''appear'', being an eternal companion of Krishna, she does not take birth or die.

Radhastami- A Belief
Sri Radha was older to Lord Krishna and it is believed that the divine girl did not open her eyes until Sri Krishna was born. The relationship of Sri Krishna and Radha surpasses human concepts and is spiritual in nature. It is redundant to affirm that one may attain Krishna only through the Grace of Radha.

Saraswati

Characteristics :

Knowledge

Other Names :

Vaagdevi, Sharda

Consort :

Lord Brahma

Vehicle (Vahana) :

Swan

Mula Mantra :

Om Aim Saraswatyai Namah

Saraswati Gayatri Mantra:

Aum Saraswatye Cha Vidmahe
Brahmaputriye Cha
Dheemahi Tanno Saraswati Prachodayat

Goddess Saraswati is the Goddess of arts, music, knowledge, and wisdom. Saraswati is considered as the divine consort of Lord Brahma, the Creator of the universe. Goddess Saraswati is said to possess the powers of speech, wisdom and learning. Saraswati is regarded as the dispeller of chaos and confusion.

Saraswati - the Consort of Brahma
Lord Brahma is known for creating the universe. Since knowledge is required for creation, Maa Saraswati signifies the creative power of Brahma. An apt creation requires sound knowledge. The creation of Lord Brahma became fruitful with the knowledge provided by Goddess Saraswati.

Hindu Goddess SaraswatiMaa Saraswati - The Image
Goddess Saraswati is usually depicted as a beautiful woman with yellow skin dressed in a pure white saree. Saraswati is portrayed sitting on a white lotus with veena (a musical instrument) in her hands. The book in her hand signifies the eternal and universal knowledge as well her perfection of the scriptures. Lotus symbolizes the supreme reality and it suggests that the goddess herself is rooted in the supreme reality.

The color white represents purity and her rejection of everything that is base and materialistic. The Swan represents the discrimination between the evil and the good, the eternal and the transitory. The four arms of the goddess suggest the four aspects of human personality i.e. mind, intellect, vigilance, and ego. The pearl string represents the power of spirituality. The peacock standing near Maa Saraswati represents arrogance and pride over its beauty. The Goddess teaches that physical appearance could be deceptive, by not taking peacock as the vehicle. Goddess Saraswati suggests that one should be wise regarding the eternal truth.

Saraswati - Bestower of Knowledge
Musical instruments, books, speech, knowledge, intellect are regarded as symbols of Saraswati. Saraswati is believed to be the provider of knowledge that dispels ignorance and unhappiness. Saraswati is worshipped by seekers of knowledge especially students, scholars and scientists.

Basant Panchami

Vasant Panchami marks the beginning of the spring season. The festival of spring is celebrated with full vivacity and joy amongst the Hindu people. In Hindi language, the word '' basant / vasant'' means ''spring'' and ''panchami'' means the fifth day. In short, Basant Panchami is celebrated as the fifth day of Spring Season. Vasant Panchami falls on the fifth day of the Indian month, Maagh (January-February). This festival is also known as Saraswati Puja.

Vasant Panchami and its Significance
The festival of Basant Panchami is dedicated to Saraswati, the Goddess of Wisdom. According to the Hindu mythology, the goddess symbolizes constant flow of knowledge and wisdom. Vasant Panchami is also believed as the birthday of Goddess Saraswati. The spring festival of Basant Panchami is especially celebrated in the institutions of learning. As Saraswati is the goddess of learning, Students observe the blessings from Maa Saraswati. Spring is the season when crops are fully bloomed, so people also celebrate this occasion by flying kites.

Basant Panchami - Celebration
Yellow color is given special attention and dominates everywhere on this particular day. Yellow color is associated with Goddess Saraswati as well as the mustard crop. People wear yellow clothes, make yellow color sweets on the day of Saraswati Puja. The Goddess of art, learning, knowledge and wisdom, Maa Saraswati is worshipped with full dedication. On this day, People also feed Brahmans with the feeling that their ancestors are accepting the food. Kite-flying has become the part of this festival and people really enjoy this event.

Basant Panchami is a festival full of religious, seasonal and social significance. It is celebrated by Hindus all over the world with enthusiasm and new sense of optimism.

Ganga

Other Names :

Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Dhauliganga, Padma, Mandakini

Countries :

India, Bangladesh

Major cities :

Haridwar, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna

Length :

2,510 km

Watershed :

907,000 km▓

Source :

Gaumukha, Gangotri Glacier located in Uttarakhand, India

Destination :

Ganges Delta located in Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh

Major Tributaries:

In the left, Brahmaputra, Gomti, Kosi, Gandak, Ghaghra In the right Yamuna, Son

Goddess Ganga
Ganga / Ganges is considered as the most sacred river of the Hindu Mythology. River Ganges is very much popular in India and is worshipped as a goddess. Ganga is the most revered river in the world. River Ganga is unique in itself with its mind blowing length and width. Many other rivers of the world exceed Ganga on these aspects but none of them can match the reverence and affection that is shown to Ganga by the people of India and the world.

According to the Puranas (Holy Scriptures of Hindus), the sight, the name and the touch of Ganga takes away all sins. As per Hindu thoughts, bathing in the river on special occasions causes remission of sins and facilitates the attainment of salvation. It is considered that Ganga bestows blessings of the highest order. People come from far and near to immerse the ashes of their kin in the waters of Ganga, with a belief that the ashes would go to heaven.

Hindu Goddess GangaGangajal - The Water of Ganga
Gangajal, the water of Ganga, is regarded as the most pure and sacred water on this earth. Ganga water is used in various religious ceremonies of Hindus. Even Science has proved that Ganga water is pure and bacteria free. Gangajal can be kept for years without any problem.

River Ganges / Ganga
According to Hindu Mythology, Ganga is considered as the celestial creature of heaven and it descends on the earth to rinse away the sins of the mankind. On the earth, Ganges or Ganga originates from the Gaumukha, Gangotri glacier in the central Himalayas, located in Uttarakhand, India. This is acknowledged as one of the holy pilgrimages of India.

The River flows through a wide area covering several sacred places of Hindus like Haridwar, Allahabad and Varanasi. The Ganga and its tributaries drain a large and fertile basin with an area of about one million square kilometers that supports one of the world's highest density human populations. After a long journey of 2,510 kms, Ganga drains into the Bay of Bengal through its vast delta in the Sundarbans.

Representation of River Goddess Ganga
Ganga represents the innermost pristine coolness, piety and purity. River Ganga enriches the spiritual lives of millions and millions of Indians for whom the river is divine. Holy River Ganga personifies Goddess Ganga who descends to the earth to rinse away the sins of the mankind. The river Ganga itself embodies all the characteristics India is known for: mythical, serene, all pervading and assimilative.

Ganga Legend

Ganga, the River Goddess is the only living goddess in the Hindu pantheon. There are numerous stories regarding the birth and origin of this goddess. According to the beliefs, Ganga descends on the earth to rinse away the sins of the mankind. Ganga is the sacred river and has been referred to in the various ancient texts of Hindus. It is believed that Ganga used to flow in the heaven and sanctify gods with her holy waters.

River Ganges is repeatedly invoked in the Puranas, the Vedas, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The story of Ganga's descent on the Earth appears slightly different in Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Puranas. According to one story, Ganga is also considered as the sister of Parvati, the consort of Lord Shiva being one of the two daughters of Himavat and Meru. According to another legend, Indra had asked for Ganga to be given to heaven to calm the Gods with her cool waters.

Legend of GangaOne story states that the sacred water in Brahma's Kamandalu (water-vessel) is personified as a maiden, Ganga. Another legend tells that Brahma had respectfully washed the feet of Vishnu and collected this water in his Kamandalu. Being the part of the Kamandalu of Lord Brahma, Ganga is one of the Shaktis of the supreme Goddess Mahamaya Adishakti.

Ganga Origin - Story of Bhagiratha
This is the most popular story regarding the origin of river Ganga. The story goes far back when King Sagar magically acquired sixty thousand sons. Once, King Sagar organized Ashwamedh Yagna, a ritual of worship for the benefit of the kingdom. Jealous Indra planned a mischief and stole one horse from the place. King Sagar sent all his sons all over the earth to look for the horse. They found the horse in the nether-world standing next to Kapila Muni, a meditating sage. The youths, were disrespectful and caused his penance to be disturbed. The sage reduced them to ashes with his withering look.

The souls of these young men wandered as ghosts as their final rites had not been done. On repeated repentance and requests by the descendants of King Sagar, Kapila Muni finally relent that King Sagar's sons would attain mukti (liberation), if their wicked remains are cleansed by the water of the goddess Ganga. Generations of King Sagar did penance to appease Brahma but without success and finally after much praying, pleading and tapasya by Bhagirath - seventh generation of King Sagar, Ganga reluctantly consents to descend to earth.

With this, Ganga found herself insulted and decided to sweep the whole earth with her powerful fall. Troubled, Bhagiratha prayed to Shiva to control the Ganga's descent. Lord Shiva steps in the way and trapped Ganga in his hair. Shiva made the river fall gently through his long hair onto the Himalayas. As Ganga moved to the nether-worlds, she liberated the unfortunate souls of King Sagar's Sons. Since then Ganga is sanctifying the mankind with her divine waters.

Kali

Characteristics :

Destroyer, Compassionate

Other Names :

Bhadrakali, Rudrani, Dakshinakali, Aadya

Abode :

Cremation Grounds

Weapon :

Sword

Mula Mantra :

Om Kreem Kalikaye Namah

Goddess Kali
Kali is one of the many forms of Shakti. Maha Kaali is the fiercest of all goddesses of Hinduism. The word Kali has its roots in the Sanskrit word "Kaal", which means time. And nothing escapes from time. Goddess Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of death. But actually Kali brings the death of the ego. Even in the scriptures, she has killed demons but not anyone else. Kali is also not associated with Yama (the Hindu God of Death). Kali is considered a form of mother too. Maa Kali is one of the few Goddesses who are celibate and practice renunciation.

Hindu Goddess KaliGoddess Kali and Lord Shiva
Goddess Kali and Lord Shiva, both are regarded to inhabit cremation grounds. Devotees go to these places to meditate with the purpose of overcoming the ego. The cremation grounds emphasize the idea that the body is temporary. Kali and Shiva are known to stay in cremation grounds because it is our attachment to the body that gives rise to the ego. Kali and Shiva give the idea of liberation by dissolving the illusion of the ego. The corporeal frame ultimately vanishes but the soul still remains. This is emphasized by the scene in the cremation grounds.

Maa Kali - The Compassionate Goddess
Maha Kaali is the most compassionate of all the forms of goddesses as she provides salvation or liberation to her children. Kali is equivalent to Shiva because both of them are the destroyers of evil fake and unreal. It is considered that with the glimpse of Maa Kali, ego trembles with terror seeing its own eventual demise in her.

People who are attached to their ego would not be able to receive the idea of Kali and she will appear in a wrathful form to them. But people, who are engaged in spirituality, removing the illusion of the ego, will find Maha Kaali in a different form. Maa Kali will appear as sweet, affectionate, and overflowing with perplexing love for them.

Maa Kali - The Image
Goddess Kali has four arms and hands depicting her immense strength. In two of her hands, she holds a sword and a fresh severed head, representing a great battle in which she defeated the demon Raktabija. The other two hands are there to bless her true devotees, suggesting that they will be saved as she will guide them here and in the hereafter.

Kali wears a garland made of 52 skulls and a skirt made of dismembered arms because the ego comes out of identification with the body. It suggests that physical body is false and spirit is the only reality. Her black or sometimes dark blue skin represents the womb of the unmanifest from which all of creation is born and into which all of creation will ultimately return. Therefore, the concepts of color, light, dark, good or bad do not apply to her as she is the pure, un-manifested energy, the Adishakti.

Goddess Kali is seen standing with her one feet on Lord Shiva who is pure formless awareness Sat-Chit-Ananda (being-consciousness-bliss) while Kali represents "form" eternally sustained by the underpinning of pure awareness.

Kali Aarti

Goddess Kali Arti completes the worship or prayers made to the Goddess. It is believed that Kali aarti provides a completion to the Kali puja.



 

Maa Kali Aarti

 

Prema Sahita Nita Karuun Aaratii
Mahaakaalii Maiyaa Ki

Ari Dala Daranii Mangala Bharanii
Dukhaharinii Sukhadaiyaa Ki

Tuma Hii Agama Bhava Bharane Waali
Tuma Hii Jagata Laya Karane Waali

Tuma Hee Kashta Lakhi Nija Bhaktana Para
Aakara Turata Sahaiyaa Ki

Tumhin Prabala Ho Hari Kii Shakti
Rudra Bhava Shankara Kii Bhakti

Tumhin Janani Patavaara Banii
Ika Sevaka Sundara Naiyaa Kii

Parvati

Characteristics :

Virtuous, Fertility, Marital felicity, Asceticism, Power

Other Names :

Uma, Lalitha, Gauri, Shivakamini, Aparna

Principal Scriptures :

Lalita Sahasranama

Consort :

Lord Shiva

Children :

Lord Ganesha, Lord Kartikay (Murugana)

Abode :

Mount Kailash

Vahana (Vehicle) :

Lion

Goddess Parvati
Parvati is a well known goddess in the Hindu mythology. Goddess Parvati is the divine consort of Lord Shiva, the trinity god. Parvati is also considered as a representation of Shakti or Durga, but the gentle aspect of that goddess not the fierce one. Maa Parvati is beautifully presented in the Hindu Literature as being beautiful, as a mediator in the conflicts of heaven, as a daughter of the Great Himalayan Mountains and as the divine sister of Goddess Ganga.

The divine motherly love of Parvati is visible with her two children Ganpati and Kartikay. According to the Hindu Belief, Parvati is the second consort of Shiva, the Hindu God of destruction and rejuvenation. Although, she is not different from Dakshayani (Sati), being the reincarnation of that former consort of Lord Shiva.

Hindu Goddess ParvatiParvati - Form of Shakti
Parvati is believed to be one of the many forms of "Shakti". People take her to be the divine sister of Maa Kali, Maa Lakshmi, Maa Saraswati, Durga and all other forms of Shakti. Durga (Goddess beyond reach) and Kali (Goddess of Destruction) are the two fierce but very powerful forms of Parvati.

Goddess Parvati - Other Names
The word Parvati has been derived from a Sanskrit word "Parvat" meaning mountain. So, "Parvati" means "she of the mountains" and suggests that Parvati is the daughter of Himavat (the personification of the Himalayas) and the apsara (fairy) Mena. Lalita, Uma, Gauri, Kali, Durga, Haimavati etc are the other names for Parvati. Amba is the other name of Parvati being the mother of the universe and Ambika, being the 'mother'. As Lalita, she represents the aspect of beauty and magnificence. Lalita Saharanama contains a thousand of her names.

Parvati - Her Symbolism
Goddess Parvati symbolizes noble virtues admired by the Hindu religion. Parvati is the better half of Lord Shiva, the most innocent and the fiercest god in Hindu tradition. The couple together symbolizes both power of renunciation and asceticism and the blessings of marital felicity. There are legends behind the marriage of lord Shiva and Parvati, being a devotee of Shiv-Shambhu. Parvati did a lot of tap in order to get Shiva as her soul mate. Parvati's dedication was really true which made Lord Shiva to marry her.

Fertility, marital felicity, devotion to the spouse, asceticism and power are different virtues symbolized by Parvati. These virtues are highly valued by the Hindu tradition. As per a famous literary work on the goddess, Saundarya Lahiri, Parvati is the source of all the power in this universe and Lord Shiva gets all his powers from her.

Sita

Characteristics :

Ideal woman, Virtuous

Other Names :

Janaki, Maithili, Ramaa, Vaidehi

Principal Scriptures :

The Ramayana

Consort :

Lord Rama

Sita Gayatri Mantra :

Aum Janaknandiniye Vidmahe
Bhumijayai Dheemahi
Tanno Sita Prachodayat

Goddess Sita Maa
Sita is the consort of Lord Rama, the seventh avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Sita is the one of the most popular goddesses of Hindu religion. Devi Sita is regarded as the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi, the divine consort of Lord Vishnu. Sita is considered as the ideal daughter, ideal wife, and ideal mother, since ages. Goddess Sita is remembered for her virtues and attributes. Devi Sita symbolizes all that is noble in womanhood.

Devi Sita - A Woman of Virtue
Sita is one of the principal characters in The Ramayana, the great epic of India. Her entire life constitutes an example of idealism. Sita is a perfect example of loyalty and morality. Goddess Sita leaves the palace charms and amenities, in order to stay in exile with her husband. During the period of exile, Sita was abducted by the demon-king Ravana and imprisoned for months, in Lanka. When Sita got freed from the clutches of Ravana, she proved her sanctity to Lord Rama by giving Agni - Pariksha (Fire Ordeal). Sita is regarded as the role model of wifely love and adherence to duty.

Hindu Goddess SitaMaa Sita - Mother of Luv - Kush
After returning from the exile, Ram and Sita were declared as the king and the queen of Ayodhaya, respectively. Sita's imprisonment in lanka became a consideration for the people of Ayodhaya. Lord Rama loved his wife endearly, but with no other option left, he banished Sita from his household. Sita again found herself in exile, this time she was not only alone but also pregnant. Sita got refuge in the hermitage of sage Valmiki, where she delivered twins, and named them Luv and Kush. She brought up her sons single handedly in the hermitage.

Sita is a brave woman of extraordinary brilliance. She has got all the values that people believe, a woman must have in her character. Sita is a woman of virtue and of immeasurable patience. Through her great character, she has captured hearts of millions of people.