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Hindu Goddesses

As per the Hindu religion, the Supreme Being contains both masculine and feminine traits. The female part is as important as the male part. One has to consider the feminine aspect of the divine, in order to know the ultimate truth. It is believed that all goddesses of the Hindu pantheon are special forms of the divine mother- Shakti. To recognize the feminine aspect, it is necessary to restore wholeness, completeness and universality.

There are many goddesses and local deities in the Hindu mythology. Here we will discuss some of the popular Hindu goddesses (forms of Shakti).

Goddess Durga ( Mother ) Maa Kali
Durga symbolizes the power of the Supreme Being that maintains moral order and righteousness in the universe. Worship of the goddess Shakti is very popular among the Hindu people. Durga stands for the unified symbol of all divine forces (Shaktis).

Goddess Lakshmi
Lakshmi is the auspicious goddess of wealth and fortune, whether it is material or spiritual. The word ''Lakshmi'' has been derived from the Sanskrit word Lakshay, meaning "aim" or ''goal''. Goddess Lakshmi suggests the aim of life, which includes all worldly and spiritual success.

Goddess Saraswati
Saraswati Devi is the Goddess of arts, music, knowledge, and wisdom. Saraswati is considered as the divine consort of Lord Brahma, the Creator of the universe in the Hindu Religion.

Goddess Kali
Kali is one of the many forms of Shakti. Maha Kaali is the fiercest of all goddesses of Hinduism. The word Kali has its roots in the Sanskrit word "Kaal" which means time. And nothing escapes from time. Goddess Kali is sometimes referred as the goddess of death.

Goddess Parvati
Parvati is a well known goddess in the Hindu mythology. Goddess Parvati is the divine consort of Lord Shiva, the trinity god. Parvati is also considered as a representation of Shakti or Durga, but the gentle aspect of that goddess not the fierce one.

The River Goddess Ganga / Ganges is considered as the most sacred river of the Hindu Mythology. River Ganges is very much popular in India and is worshipped as a goddess. Ganga is the most revered river in the world.

Goddess Radha is a well-known personality in Hindu Mythology. She is also known as Srimati Radharani in the northern part of India. Radha is usually depicted with her paramour Krishna.

Sita is the consort of Lord Rama, the seventh avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Sita is the one of the most popular goddesses of Indian History. Devi Sita is regarded as the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi, the divine consort of Lord Vishnu.

History Of Hinduism

The origin of the Hindu religion is under dispute to date and many theories about its origin are still being put forward. The common belief is that the Indus Valley civilization existed near the river Indus around 3200 B.C.-1600 B.C. They followed a religion that had a close resemblance to Hinduism. This religion later went through the influence of the Dravidians and the Aryans around 1500 BC. In the recent times repeatedly, the theory of Aryan invaders is being challenged.

With the introduction of the Vedas around 1000 BC, a loose framework of the religion was formed. The Vedas were considered as the most important holy books as they were believed to provide divine knowledge. The Vedas are also considered as the foundation of Hindu philosophy. Upanishads are a part of the Vedas, which lay emphasis on the metaphysical nature of the universe and soul. In the epics like, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Manu smriti the essence of the Hindu religion unfolds.

The term Hinduism

The origin of the term Hindu also has historical connotations. The Aryan race that settled near the river Sindhu. The Persians pronounced the word Sindhu as Hindu, and named the Aryan's Hindus. Thus Hindu is only a mispelt form of Sindhu. The word Hindu was a geographic rather than a religious term but now it has turned out to be a loaded term as it is associated with a religion.

The origin of Hinduism

Hinduism was not found by any one person, or does not have only one core doctrine. There is also no definite time when it could be said to have begun. It does not require its adherents to accept any one idea, and thus is cultural; its Ideologies were developed into a history with the peoples with which it is associated. Hinduism is also known for an attitude, of accommodating other religious and cultural perspectives into their own. Thus it has a variety of ideas and practices resulting in what appears as a multiplicity of religions under one umbrella 'Hinduism'.

Hinduism maybe the only religious tradition that is so diverse in its theoretical and practical expressions that it is like a compilation of religions. Hinduism lacks any definitive beliefs or ideas. It is a phenomenon and forms a broad spectrum of beliefs and practices, which are paganism, pantheism and so on. On the other hand it is very profound, abstract, and full of metaphysical speculations.

Religion and culture are interchangeable terms in Hinduism. Some expressions like 'Bhakti' (devotion) or 'Dharma' (what is right) and 'Yoga' (discipline) are used to depict essential aspects of the religion. Hinduism later in its belief included idol worship, casteism, reincarnation, 'karma', 'dharma' and 'moksha'. Some moral ideals in Hinduism include non-violence, truthfulness, friendship, compassion, fortitude, self-control, purity and generosity.


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